Updated 24 May 2002

WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900

Return to Front Page


Here are Local Histories and Descriptions from some old Sources. "Lewis", "Glover" and "Woolley" were typed out and e-mailed by Sonia Addis-Smith of Bedford, thanks a lot Sonia for doing the hard work

MENU: Bolehill.. Brassington.. Callow.. Carsington


From "A Topographical Dictionary of England", by Samuel Lewis 7th Edition, in Four Volumes, 1848
From: "History and Gazetteer of the County of Derby", by Stephen Glover, Vol 2, published in Derby by Henry Mozley & Son, 1829-33
From William Wooley's "History of Derbyshire 1715", edited by Catherine Glover and Philip Riden, published by Derbyshire Record Society, Vol VI, 1981


(Taken from 'The Derbyshire Village Book' published by the Derbyshire Federation of Women's Institutes & Countryside Books, 1991. ISBN 1 85306 133 6)
BOLEHILL lies on the slope of Barrel Edge to the north-east of the town of Wirksworth. Although part of Wirksworth parish, it maintains its own identity through a number of active village organisations and the Methodist chapel. It derives its name from the `bole', or smelting hearth which was situated on the hillside above the village. In the l7th century the village consisted of a few miners' cottages situated close to the Bage Mine, with only tracks and a packhorse way connecting it to nearby towns and villages. The opening of the Nottingham to Newhaven turnpike in the following century improved communications although the route through the village was changed within a few years of the opening, probably due to land slippage. This is still a problem today, with Stoney Hill/Kernal Hill being closed to vehicles since 1969 despite several attempts to repair it.

By the middle of the l9th century the village was a thriving community with a wide variety of shops and tradespeople. The majority of the inhabitants were employed in the Bage Mine and other mines in the area.

When lead mining was at its peak the miners' holiday was a great event. It began on l2th or l3th May and lasted for a week. Country dancing took place on the green, the dancers making their way up the village and back again. There was a gingerbread stall, donkeys to ride and a greasy pole to climb - with a prize at the top, a leg of mutton.

The decline in the lead industry forced the people of the village to seek employment in the quarries, the mills and on the railways, and the growth of employment brought newcomers into the area. Today, although a few people work in the local quarries, most people travel further afield following a variety of occupations.

The Bage Mine was explored in 1980 by the Wirksworth Mines Research Group. They found the shaft very wet, but beautiful, showing yellows, blues and greens in its lower reaches. The group covered 9,000 ft of level passages and descended to a depth of 376 ft. One of the members, John Jones of Kegworth, found two rare specimens of Cromfordite, a very rare mineral formed from translucent green crystals. Its name derives from the place where it was first discovered 160 years ago.

The only buildings of any size are the chapel, the Men's Institute, the one remaining pub and the WI hall. The latter, which is used as a village hall, was erected on its present site in 1924 after use as a First World War army hut.

The High Peak Trail (the disused Cromford/High Peak mineral railway), which is officially designated a public leisure facility, skirts Bolehill's northern boundary. Today many people are attracted to this area to walk the Trail and visit neighbouring Black Rocks and the many other tourist attractions in the White Peak.


see also Brassington - a summary by Ron Slack (1991)

(from Lewis, 1848, Vol 1, p.348)
A chapelry, in the parish of Bradborne, hundred of Wirksworth, southern division of the county of Derby, 3 3/4 miles west-by-north from Wirksworth; containing 776 inhabitants [in 1848]. One of two manors here belonged, at the time of the Domesday Survey [1086], to Henry de FERRERS, and passed to the NEVILLS, TALBOTS, and various other families. The second manor, called the King's or the Duchy manor, from having been parcel of the duchy of Lancaster, was granted in 1630 by Charles I to Charles HARBOD and others, by whom it was conveyed shortly afterwards, to the PEGGE and LEES families; it subsequently passed, in moieties, to the LOWES, HAYNES, NEWTONS, &c. The chapelry is situated on the road from Hognaston to Winster, and a short distance south of the Cromford canal. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income 87 pounds; patron and impropriator, John BAINBRIGGE STORY, Esq, of Lockington Hall. The chapel exhibits various styles, from the Norman to the later English. A plot of about five acres of land, given by Thurston DALE, in 1742, is now in the occupation of a schoolmaster, who instructs twelve children free in a national school.(Back to the MENU)

(from Glover, vol 2, 1833, pp.146-9)
BRASSINGTON (Brazinctune). A village, township, constabulary and parochial chapelry in the parish of Bradbourn, deanery of Ashbourn, and wapentake of Wirksworth. It is situate in a deep valley, surrounded by limestone hills, 5 1/2 miles north-east of Ashbourn, 4 miles north-west of Wirksworth, and 16 miles north-north-west from Derby.

This village contained, in 1821, 148 houses, 149 families, and 689 inhabitants : now increased to about 750, who are chiefly employed in agriculture, mining and the trades connected therewith, except a few females who figure lace.(Back to the MENU)

The extent of the township is 4,017 acres of good dairy land, chiefly meadow and pasture, on a limestone sub-stratum, divided among 168 proprietors; the land is principally freehold, but there is a small portion of copyhold. At the time of the enclosure, which took place in 1803, an allotment of 354 acres was given in lieu of tithes. Some land in this township is let for 5 pounds an acre, and some for 1 pound : but as there is much occupied by the owners, it would be difficult to ascertain the average rental with accuracy; it may however be stated at 35 shillings an acre.(Back to the MENU)

The principal proprietors [c.1830] are:
- Mr William ALSOP, 150 acres;
- Rev German BUSCKSTON, 70 acres;
- William CHARLTON and George GREGORY, gents, Lords of the Manor, 200 acres;
- Robert DALE, esq, How Grange farm 200 acres;
- Philip GELL, esq Grange Mill Farm, &c, 300 acres;
- Mr Benjamin GREGORY, 160 acres;
- Mr William HODGKINSON, 40 acres;
- Robert MILLINGTON, gent, 100 acres;
- Mr John PRESTWIDGE, 40 acres;
- Lord SCARSDALE, 120 acres;
- Mr Robert SPENCER, 200 acres;
- The late Rev P. STOREY, the Trustees of, who own the tithe farm;
- Bache THORNHILL, esq, 250 acres;
- Mr George TOPLIS, 60 acres;
- Mr James TRUEMAN, 30 acres.
- Mr Joseph WATSON, 150 acres;(Back to the MENU)

The remainder is in numerous small freeholds. The estimated annual rental value of all the buildings and land is 4,662 pounds, 10 shillings. The average of seven years Poor Rate, &c, is 327 pounds, 14 shillings, 8 3/4 pence. The paupers are maintained in the House of Industry, which is subscribed to by several other townships. The pauper children are sometimes apprenticed to trades.

There are but few protestant dissenters in this village, and they have no regular place of worship. There is an endowed parochial day-school; a Sunday-school, supported by the Rev German BUCKSTON and the inhabitants; one friendly society, consisting of about 125 members, and four victuallers in the township.(Back to the MENU)

There is a cave called Harborough Hall, situate about a mile from Brassington, on the road to Wirksworth, in the lands and near to the house belonging to Mr B. GREGORY, that will contain from 200 to 300 people; and above it is a remarkable stone chair.

Near the road leading from Brassington to Pike Hall, is an ancient tumuli or barrow, called Mininglow, situate on a hill, now covered with a fine plantation. Mr PILKINGTON, who in 1788 described this ancient monument, says it is different to any he met with in the county. He found the higher part of the mound removed, and several of the vaults fully exposed to sight. The diameter was 40 yards; and he supposed the vaults, carried round the circumference, were about 40 in number. The vault he measured was between 6 and 7 feet long, 3 wide and 6 deep; it consisted of only 5 stones, one on each side and end and the other for a cover : some a foot and some 18 inches thick. At the time of the enclosure, a quantity of human bones were found on the moor.(Back to the MENU)

The town is supplied with excellent water from a never-failing spring, formerly called Coole Well, now Green Well. The houses are chiefly limestone.

Doomsday entry: In BRAZINCTUNE, Siward had four carucates of land to be taxed. Land to four ploughs. There are now in the demesne three ploughs, and sixteen villanes, and two bordars have six ploughs and 30 acres of meadow. Coppice-wood, three quarentens long and one broad. Value in King Edward's time 6 pounds, now 3 pounds.

There are two manors in Brassington. (Back to the MENU)

One belonged to Henry de FERRERS after the Conquest, and was held by SIWARD; after the fall of that noble family, it became a part of the lands belonging to the Duchy of LANCASTER. Lysons says, it was given in frank marriage by one of the first Earls of DERBY, to an ancestor of the FURNIVALS, from whom it passed, by female heirs, to the NEVILLES and TALBOTS. In 19 Edward II [1325/6], Stephen de SEGRAVE died, and left an estate here to his son John. In 29 Edward III [1355], Elizabeth de MONTACUTE, widow of Thomas de FURNIVALL, who held it of the honour of Tutbury, died seised of it; and William, Earl of Salisbury, her son by a former husband, was her heir. In 32 Henry VI [1453/4], John TALBOT, Earl of Shrewsbury, died seised of the manor, and left it to his son John, whose mother was eldest daughter and co-heir of Thomas NEVILLE, who married Joan, daughter and heir of William Lord FURNIVALL. In 1628, on the death of Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury, it passed to his three daughters, married to William, Earl of Pembroke, Henry Earl of Kent, and Thomas Earl of Arundel. The Earl of Kent, in 1639, conveyed one third of the manor; and in 1640, Philip Earl of Pembroke, being possessed of his mother's and the Earl of Arundel's share, conveyed the other two-thirds to Mr William SAVILE. In 1749, his great grandson, John Gilbert COOPER, esq, sold it to Henry COPE, esq, of Duffield, on the death of whose grandson, it devolved to his cousin, Henry SHERBROOKE, esq, of Oxton in Nottinghamshire; in 1804, Robert LOWE, esq, purchased the manor of William SHERBROOKE, esq, and has sold the land in parcels.(Back to the MENU)

The King's or Duchy manor, was granted by Charles I, in 1630, to Charles HARBORD, esq, and others; who in 1632, conveyed it to Edward and George PEGGE and George LEES.

John BUXTON, of Brassington, by Will, 22nd June 1699 (proved in October following, by his nephew, legatee and executor, John BUXTON, of Ashbourn) gave his moiety of the Manor of Brassington and all his messuages and lands there, to such issue as his testator's wife should then be with child with [sic], and its heirs; and after death of such issue, to his said nephew, John BUXTON, and the heirs male of his body; and for want of such issue, to his nephew, William NEWTON. Some years after John BUXTON's death, Richard BUXTON, but we cannot state with accuracy in what degree he was related to John BUXTON, the donor; (probably son of John Buxton, the above devisee, in tail male) this Richard, by his will in 1722, devised this estate to his cousin, William NEWTON, for life; with remainder to his son, William NEWTON, in tail; and remainder to his younger son, Thomas NEWTON, in fee. William NEWTON, the father, died in 1725; and Thomas NEWTON, his younger son, died a minor in 1729. William NEWTON, the son, had three daughters, and after levying a fine in hilary term, 12 George II [1738/9], he, by his Will, which was proved at Lichfield, in 1748, devised his moiety of this manor, and all his messuages and lands there, to his two youngest daughters, Elizabeth and Frances, in fee, as tenants in common; having, in a preceding part of his will, given other lands to his eldest daughter, Mary; of these daughters Mary NEWTON married Richard HAYNE, esq; Frances married William LOCKER, esq, now of Tillington, Staffordshire, and Elizabeth, died about 1780, unmarried, intestate, in consequence of which her share descended to her two sisiters, as her co-heiresses at law. After the decease of Richard HAYNE, Mary HAYNE, his widow (who died about 1802) devised her share of this estate to her son John for life (who died about 1808) with remainder to her son Thomas, in fee; he becoming a bankrupt, William LOCKER, esq, purchased his share of his assignees, and thus became seised of the whole, which he sold in 1824 to William CHARLTON and George GREGORY, gents, who hold a court twice a year.(Back to the MENU)

The GELLS of Hopton have had a considerable estate in this township ever since 7 Elizabeth [1564/5]; at which time, Ralf GELL, of Hopton, died, and left his son Anthony an estate here, which was in the possession of Sir Philip GELL in 1712, and the same is now the property of Philip GELL, esq.

In 1620, the copyholders of the King's Manor in Brassington, had decreed for every ox-gang there, COMMON OF PASTURE for three-score sheep; and also in same proportion for all manner of cattle, in and upon throughout the heaths, wastes and moors, in and adjoining and belonging unto Brassington, aforesaid, commonly called by the name or names of:
Askall-moore, Askalls, Aston-hill, Callow-low, Cannel-meare, Cat-seats, Clipper-lowes, Crowdale-stones, Curst-moore, Dackett-walls, Duxton-edge, Elder-torrs, Ernestone (the hill or ground above Brassington church, where standeth a rock or torr, called Ernestone), Fyneing-dale, Gorse-beds, Harber-hall, Harber-hall back, Harber-hall barnes, Harber-hall cliffe, Harber-hall dale, Hare-knowle, Howell, Jordaine-slack, Long-cliffe, Long-cliffe back, Long-dale, Long-meere holes, Many-stones, Mount-lowe, Mount-lowe back, Myninge-lowe, Narrow-dale, Oat-seats, Picking-pitts, Pie-dale hill, Pie-dale lowes, Round-low, Round-low botham, Rushie-mear, Senno-dale, Shining-cliffe, Smethda (alias Smeth-dales), Sorrest, Street-knowle, The Break (alias Breack), The Dales, The Edges, The Greene (a piece of land called the Greene, in which is a well called Coole well), Waterfall-dale(Back to the MENU)

The same decree regulates the steward's fees.

In 1620, the following persons compounded with the King's Commissioners for the confirmation of their customary estates in Brassington :-
- Rowland ALSOP
- George BUXTON
- German BUXTON & John his son
- Richard BUXTON
- William EATON
- Richard GRATTON
- Edward KNOWLES
- John LANE, son of Andrew
- Robert SMITH
- Anthony STEEPLE
- Thomas TOPLIS
- Richard WALTON
- John WRIGHT(Back to the MENU)

The ancient tower CHURCH is a Norman structure, dedicated to ------ [blank]. The living is a perpetual curacy, valued in the king's books at 10 pounds; it has been augmented by 400 pounds subscribed, 600 pounds from the royal bounty in 1812, by a parliamentary grant of 1,200 pounds in 1814, and is now worth about 170 pounds per annum. The late Rev P. STOREY, as impropriator, whose trustees are patrons of the chapel, had an allotment of 353 acres of land, given in lieu of tithes at the time of the enclosure in 1803. The Rev German BUCKSTON, of Bradbourn, is the incumbent.

The impropriate rectory of Brassington belonged to Robert GALE, citizen and vintner of London, who, by his Will, bearing date 1612, charged this estate, and his estate in Claypole, in Lincolnshire, with the payment of 20 pounds per annum to Christ's hospital; 20 pounds to Corpus Christie college, Oxford, for six poor scholars, to be chosen by his immediate heir, Mr LACOCK, his heirs and assigns; 22 pounds to Chippenham, in Wiltshire; 22 pounds to the city of Lincoln; and 20 pounds to the Vintner's Company. The Rectory of Brassington belonged some time to the BAINBRIGGE family; from whom it passed by bequest to the Rev Philip STOREY, late of Lockington Hall, in Leicestershire.(Back to the MENU)

- On a board, elevated above the manor pew, in this church, is carved and painted the arms and crest of the family of BUXTON, who formerly resided here. Arms: sable, 2 bars, argent, on a canton of the last, a buck trippant of the first. Crest: on an helmet, a wreath, thereon a pelican vulning itself, or.
- In the south aisle is a stone in the wall, inscribed: Ann, daughter of German and Jane BUXTON (who died December 23rd 1674) gave 20 shillings per annum to the poor of Brassington.
- In a seat in the middle aisle are mural monuments to the respectable family of WILCOCK, of this place. Robert WILCOCK, died 11th May 1776, aged 76. Elizabeth, his wife, died 23rd May 1770, aged 70; and their children, William WILCOCK, died 15th July 1793, aged 58; and Elizabeth WILCOCK, died 4th May 1757, aged 24.
- Another memorial, for the eldest son and heir apparent of William MILLINGTON, of Hognaston, gent, by Margaret, his wife, sister and heiress of the last-named William WILCOCK, viz Thomas MILLINGTON, died 9th May 1797, aged 32.(Back to the MENU)

- BUXTON, John; Rent charge; 5 pounds; to put out one apprentice; by Will 22nd June 1699.
- BUXTON, George; Rent charge; 1 pound; for the Poor; by Deed 1655.
- BUXTON, German; Rent charge; 1 pound, 10 shillings; for the Poor; [blank].
- DALE, Thurstan; Land (4ac, 3r); 10 pounds; for the Schoolmaster; by Deed 12th June 1742.
- DALE, Robert; Land (1ac 3r 34p); 3 pounds, 3 shillings; for the Poor; by Will 23rd August 1744.
- GISBORNE, Rev Francis; Funds; 5 pounds, 10 shillings; for the Poor; by Deed 1817, Will 1818.
- MATHER, Samuel; Rent charge; 1 pound; for the Poor; date unknown.
- TOPLIS, .....; Rent charge; 1 pound, 10 shillings; for the Poor; in 1786, date unknown.
The schoolmaster, who is appointed by the owner of How Grange estate, for the consideration of the 10 pounds, instructs 12 poor children in reading, free.(Back to the MENU)

The elder branch of the BUXTON family removed from Buxton to Brassington early in the 17th century, in consequence of the marriage of Richard BUXTON with the heiress of LANE, his son married an heiress of FERNE; Richard, his elder grandson, married the heiress of JACKSON, and left only daughters. This family have been considerable donors to the poor, which agrees with their motto, Fructum habet Charitas.(Back to the MENU)

(from Woolley's Derbyshire, c.1715, DRS 1981, No.141, p.208)
BRASSINGTON, a pretty large village, lies about a mile west of Hogneston, in the parish of Bradburn. Here the land begins to rise, peak-like and the land is stony. About this town is a large moor which takes its name from it and carries it almost to Buxton. In Doomsday Book it was called Brantzineton and was part of the land of Henry de FERRERS, held by SIVARD, after whose fall it came to be a part of the Duchy of LANCASTER. But in 14 Edward II [1320/1] Stephen de SEGRAVE died and left his son John an estate here. 29 Edward III [1355] Elizabeth MONTACUTE, widow of Thomas de FURNIVAL (who held it of the Honour of Tutbury) died and William, Earl of SALISBURY was her son and heir by a former husband. 32 Henry VI [1453/4] John TALBOT, Earl of Shrewsbury, died and left this manor to his son Earl John the second, whose mother was eldest daughter and coheir of Thomas NIVELL, who married Joane, daughter and coheir of William Lord FURNEVAL, in which family it long continued. But 7 Elizabeth [1564/5] Richard GELL of Hopton died and left his son Anthony an estate here, which Sir Philip GELL Bart now possesses, and about the same time Ralph BUXTON had an estate here, which he left to his son William, who had Richard, who had John, who had Richard, who had John. They have a good stone house here still. Their arms are: Sable, two bars Argent, in a canton dexter a stag Sable. It is taxed to the aid of 4 shillings per pound, 102 pounds, 5 shillings and 7 pence in anno 1696 with Aldwarke, a small hamlet near adjoining.(Back to the MENU)

(Taken from 'The Derbyshire Village Book' published by the Derbyshire Federation of Women's Institutes & Countryside Books, 1991. ISBN 1 85306 1336)

BRASSINGTON. The name of the village is thought to derive from Old English, Brandsige Farm, the farm by the steep path. Certainly paths are steep, stone-walled lanes narrow. Many of the houses are huddled together while others have space around them. Only council-built homes have numbers. For the most part, the lanes are not signed and many houses have no nameplates; so visitors find us intriguing or frustrating according to whether they come for pleasure or on business, especially in inclement weather or on dark evenings. Houses and cottages in which generations of families have lived are often called by the name of occupants former or present, their names known to few but the owners. Try asking for Rose Cottage or the whereabouts of a private business! Well, the postmistress may know.

St James' church houses the 'oldest inhabitant'. Inside the wall of the Norman tower is a relief carving, probably Saxon, of a man with his hand on his heart. Of three chapels the largest is now the village hall, the smallest sold for a house. The Wesleyan Reform is a 'Smedley Chapel', its building in 1852 encouraged by the mill owner, Mr Smedley. Noted for providing waterproof clothing and canteen facilities for his workers, he toured the district with a marquee, holding Revivalist meetings.

There are two public houses now, Ye Olde Gate and the Miners Arms; others are private houses - the Thorn Tree, George and Dragon, Red Lion and the Tiger inn. The turnpike from Derby and London ended at Brassington where the solid limestone made travel possible on the lanes to Buxton and Manchester. The inns served travellers and thirsty miners.

The village has changed from a self-sufficient community with butcher, baker, Co-op, cobbler, dressmaker, grocers, undertaker etc to one of a post office and one grocer's shop. Villagers still work at farms, quarries and local businesses but more travel out to work or are self-employed. The district does not lack ghosts; old and young claim to have seen them. An elderly water and mineral diviner is used to them. His first cottage was haunted, the lady seen by family and visitors unforewarned. One moonlit November evening he heard one on Ballidon Way but saw no-one go over the hump of the road although the sound did! Across the road the Sand Pit boggart was a traditional source of anxiety for nervous children in past generations.

The village is a lovely one in which to live. All the year round the views are breathtaking. The lead miners left an interesting hillside with humps and hollows where cowslips, harebells and orchids grow. Mushrooms appear alongside the paths. In the winter the snow makes a beautiful setting when skiers and tobogganists are colourful and full of fun.


(from Lewis, 1848, Vol 1, p.474)
A hamlet, in the parish and hundred of Wirksworth, southern division of the county of Derby, 2 1/2 miles south-west from Wirksworth; containing 112 inhabitants [in 1848]. It comprises about 1,000 acres of land, and has a small village. Callow Hall was an ancient moated mansion of considerable extent, of which a small portion remains, occupied as a farmhouse; the moat and part of the bridge are still visible. The rectorial tithes have been commuted for 154 pounds.(Back to the MENU)

(from Glover, vol 2, 1833, pp.188-91)
CALLOW (Caldlow, Caldelawe). A scattered village and hamlet (which with Ible forms a joint constabulary) in the parish of Wirksworth. The inhabitants are supported by agriculture.

The hamlet contains 1,092 acres of gritstone and limestone land, viz 100 acres of wood, one-fourth arable, the remainder meadow and pasture, divided into farms of about 100 acres each, at an average rental of 30 shillings per acre. The land is well watered by the Ecclesbourn and numerous springs. The lordship is about equally divided between Hugo Malveysin CHADWICK, of Malveysin Ridware, esq, and Philip GELL, of Hopton, esq, who are joint lords of the manor. The tithes belong to the Dean of Lincoln; they are held on lease by G. ERRINGTON, esq, who re-lets them to the occupiers at an average of 2 shillings and 6 pence per acre. The estimated annual value of all the buildings and land is 1,111 pounds, 10 shillings. The average of seven years of parochial expenses is 135 pounds, 1 shilling and 6 pence per annum. The inhabitants pay to Brassington House of Industry and the paupers are sent to that house.(Back to the MENU)

The ancient HALL is now in the occupation of Mr German DEAN, one of Mr CHADWICK's tenants. The Duchy manor exercises a paramount jurisdiction over the manor of Callow.

The manor was part of the King's lands after the Conquest, attached to the manor of Wirksworth. At an early period it was held by the OKEOVER family. In the reign of Edward I [1272-1307], the descendant of Patrice de la LAUNDE, whose name appears in the roll of Battle Abbey, had free warren granted in this manor. Joan, daughter of William, and one of the co-heirs of Sir John de la LAUNDE, knt, brought this manor, by marriage, to Richard de MORLEY, whose daughter and heir married Hugh de RIESLEP; her daughter and namesake, Lucia, married Roger de MASEY, whose daughter and heiress general of de la LAUNDE, MORLEY, &c, married Ralph de STATHAM. Joan, the great granddaughter of the latter, in the reign of Edward IV [1461-83], brought manor to John SACHEVERELL, esq, whose great-great-grandson, Henry SACHEVERELL, esq, who died in 1620, bequeathed it to his eldest natural son, Valens SACHEVERELL, esq, of Callow, co. Derby, whose son George gave a moiety of it to his great-nephew, Charles Chadwick SACHEVERELL, esq : this moiety is now the property of Hugo Malveysin CHADWICK, esq. The other moiety was given by George SACHEVERELL, esq, to the celebrated Dr Henry SACHEVERELL, rector of St Andrew's, Holborn. The doctor's widow gave it to her third husband, Charles CHAMBERS. It afterwards became the property of Mr Chambers' daughter, who married MACKENZIE, and gave a moiety of this share to Miss Jane MACKENZIE, her husband's sister, and the other to Mary KIRKBY, who married Mr Thomas ROBINSON. In 1775, these parties joined in selling the moiety of the manor of Callow to the late Philip GELL, esq, and it is now the property of his son, Philip GELL of Hopton, esq.(Back to the MENU)

[There follows a two-page (pp.189-90) drop-line Pedigree of CHADWICK, of Callow, Ridware, &c]

The family of CHADWICK, of Callow, in this county, and Malveysin Ridware, co.Stafford, is with respect to antiquity and connexions, one of the most eminent in the latter county. The present representative, Hugo Malveysin CHADWICK, esq, is the 14th in descent from Nicholas de CHADWICK, the 17th from De la LAUNDE, the 19th from John de HEALEY, and the 25th from MALVEYSIN, the Norman. The MALVEYSINS of Ridware, after possessing estates in Staffordshire, ten descents from the conquest, terminated in the male line by the death of Sir Robert MALVEYSIN, who was slain at the battle of Shrewsbury, in 1403; his two co-heiresses, Margaret, the younger, espoused Sir William HANSACRE, knt, and Elizabeth, the elder, Sir John CAWARDEN, knt, and after seven descents of the Cawardens, Joyce, the third daughter of Thomas CAWARDEN, brought by marriage, a moiety of the manor of Malveysin Ridware to her husband, John CHADWICK, esq, in the year 1594. Katherine, the grand-daughter of this marriage, and daughter of Lewis CHADWICK, esq, a lieutenant colonel of Horse in the Parliament army, at the battle of Stafford, &c, brought these estates to John CHADWICK, esq, of Healey Hall, who was also a lieutenant colonel in the Parliamentary army. His son, Charles CHADWICK, who married into the family of the SACHEVERELLS of Morley, was an earnest supporter of the cause of William III [1694-1702], who seems to have differed greatly in the politics of the period from his brother-in-law, George SACHEVERELL, of Callow, who, when he was sheriff of Derbyshire, in the year 1712, acknowledged the very doubtful relationship of the famous Dr Henry SACHEVERELL, and gave him half the manor of Callow in testimony of his regard for the violent sermon which that celebrated Tory divine preached, as an assize sermon, at All Saints Church, Derby.(Back to the MENU)

Tindal says that Dr Henry SACHEVERELL was the grandson of John SACHEVERELL, Presbyterian minister, of Wincanton, in Somersetshire, who was bred in St John's college, Oxford, and silenced soon after the Restoration. This John, being taken at a conventicle, suffered three years imprisonment, which occasioned his death. John's eldest son, father of Dr Henry SACHEVERELL, was bred in King's college, Cambridge, and entertained notions very opposite to his father's principles, and died minister of St Peter's church, in Marlborough, leaving a numerous family, in very low circumstances. His son Henry was put to school at Marlborough, at the charge of Edward HEARST, an apothecary, who, being his godfather, adopted him for his son. HEARST's widow sent him afterwards to Oxford, where he became Fellow of Maudlin college. His mother, by procurement of Bishop BURNET, was admitted into the hospital for distressed widows, at Salisbury. He had not been long at Oxford before he discovered his turbulent spirit. When he came to be ordained by Bishop LLOYD, he was by the Bishop charged with false Latin, but he confidently defended it, until the bishop sent for books to convince him. The Bishop, finding him very ignorant in divinity, refused to ordain him at that time, but did it afterwards on the bishop of Oxford's recommendation, with particular marks of favour; yet he ungenerously traduced the learned prelate in a libel, called "The Character of a Low Churchman". Nor was he less virulent against Bishop BURNET, his mother's benefactor. Being presented to a small living, in Staffordshire, he fell in, both there and at Oxford, with the most furious of the high Church and Jacobite party; made scurrilous reflections on the death of King William and the Hanover succession, and, when the Queen appeared against the High Church Memorial, he called her a waxen queen, alluding to the jest passed upon her at Oxford by those who put her motto, Semper Eadem, upon a weather-cock. He was proceeding in this manner when his friends got him preferment in London.(Back to the MENU)

(from Woolley's Derbyshire, c.1715, DRS 1981, p.206)
CALLOW, a small village in Wirksworth parish, called in Doomsday Caudelauue and was part of the King's land. 37 Henry VIII [1545/6] John LEAKE of Hasland Esq died and left an estate here to his son Ralph. 5 & 6 Philip and Mary [1558] Sir Henry SACHEVERELL died possessed of this lordship, which he left to his son John, in which family it continued till Jacinth died without lawful heirs, so he left it to George, a natural son, who dying without issue left it to the noted Dr Henry SACHEVERELL, though no kin at all, whose widow he also married. It is but ordinary hilly land and taxed with Ibull, another small hamlet adjoining.(Back to the MENU)


(from Lewis, 1848, Vol 1, p.524)
CARSINGTON (St Margaret). A parish, in the hundred of Wirksworth, southern division of the county of Derby, 2 1/4 miles west-by- south from Wirksworth; containing 235 inhabitants [in 1848]. The village is situated in a valley, surrounded by hills in which are quarries of limestone and some lead-mines; and the Peak Forest railway passes through the parish. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the King's books at 5 pounds 1 shilling and 10 pence, and in the patronage of the Bishop of Lichfield. The tithes have been commuted for 109 pounds, and the glebe comprises 46 acres. The church is a small ancient building, without a steeple, and scarcely distinguishable from the cliffs that overhang it. A school, founded by Mrs Temperance GILL, in 1726, has an endowment of 60 pounds per annum, arising from land. John OLDFIELD, an eminent nonconformist divine, was ejected from the benefice of the parish, in 1662; his son, Dr Joshua OLDFIELD, of some literary celebrity, was born here in 1656. The Rev Ellis FARNEWORTH, an able translator from the Italian, was presented to the rectory in 1762.(Back to the MENU)

(from Glover, vol 2, 1833, pp.192-4)
CARSINGTON (Ghersintune). A village, township, constabulary, and parish in the wapentake of Wirksworth, and deanery of Ashbourn. This village is seated in a valley 2 miles west of Wirksworth, and 7 miles east from Ashbourn. The houses are built under some limestone rocks, whose grey crags jut over the tops of the houses. In 1821 there were 53 houses, 55 families, and 270 persons in the parish, who are supported by agriculture and mining.(Back to the MENU)

The extent of the township is 1,116 acres 2 rods and 30 perches of good limestone land, principally pasture, divided among 10 proprietors, viz:
- Robert DALE, esq, 185 acres 0 rods 15 perch,
- Philip GELL, esq, the lord of the manor, 786ac 1r 8p,
- The Rector, glebe land, 46ac 0r 24p,
- Mr John TOMLINSON, 35ac 3r,
- Widows' cow-gates, 8ac 1r 28p,
- and five small freeholders.(Back to the MENU)

The tithes are about 100 pounds per annum; and the average rental about 28 shillings per acre. The estimated annual value of the buildings and land is 1,337 pounds, 6 shillings and 2 pence; but, according to a return in the county office, it appears to be 1,858 pounds, 5 shillings. The amount paid to the poor alone, taking an average of eight years, is 107 pounds and 6 pence per annum. There is one endowed school and one public house in the township.

In the Doomsday Book this place is called Ghersintune, and was part of the king's lands attached to the manor of Wirksworth. In 39 Henry VI [1460/1], the Earl of SHREWSBURY held this manor, and left it to his son John. In 7 Elizabeth [1564/5], Ralph GELL, gent, left an estate here to his son Anthony, who died seised of the manor of Carsington in 1578-9, now the property of his representtive, Philip GELL, of Hopton, esq. Mr WOLLEY [William Woolley's History of Derbyshire] mentions several good families who held land here, viz the HAYWARDS, HUTCHINSONS, STONES, &c.(Back to the MENU)

The small CHURCH, dedicated to St Margaret, was rebuilt in 1648. The living is a rectory, entered in the king's books at the clear value of 48 pounds, and yearly tenths of 10 shillings and 2 1/2 pence. The present value, derived from the 46 acres of glebe and the tithes, is about 175 pounds per annum. The Dean of Lincoln is the patron, the Rev Thomas SMITH, rector, and the Rev Robert GELL, the present curate.

REGISTERS. The registers are contained in 8 or 9 volumes. The earliest begins 1st October 1592, and ends in 1639, each page being signed by the minister and church-wardens. They are extremely well kept. They contain entries of the induction of several rectors, and several EVENTS, viz:
- 1618, "No christenings this year"
- 1637, "In this year was the parsonage house built"
- 1638, "The 'view' tree was set in the church-yard of Carsington by William THORPE, rector, Illam, Ralph GELL, and Edward VALENS, upon the feast of Simon and Jude, anno Dom. 1638."
- 1688, September 29, "Sarah TISSINGTON, a poor young woman, born into the world without any hands or arms, yet was very nimble and active in the use of her feet, with which she could not only take up things from the ground, and play at most childish games with her play-fellows when she was a child; but also, when grown up, she could knit, dig in the garden, and do divers other services with her feet : she was aged 24, or 25 years, and departed this life the day and year aforesaid; born and buried at Carsington."
- 1698, June 15, "Bishop LLOYD's second visitation, staid two nights at Hopton hall on his way to Bakewell."(Back to the MENU)

Here are found many entries to the gentle families of GELL of Hopton, STONE, HAYWARD, HUTCHINSON, and the yeoman families of HUTCHINSON and GELL, all of Carsington. The entry of Dr Francis HUTCHINSON, bishop of Down and Connor, in Ireland, is as follws: "Francis, son of Edward and Mary HUTCHINSON, baptized 8th January, 1659." That of his brother, Samuel HUTCHINSON, esq, ensign in Forbe's regiment at the battle of the Boyne, 10th October, 1666; and that of Francis, John, and Edward, and Dr Samuel HUTCHINSON, bishop of Killala, his sons, the latter on 29th May, 1701, being all styled sons of Samuel HUTCHINSON, ensign in the army, and Mary, his wife. Mr John HUTCHINSON, living in 1712, was then one of the most considerable lead smelters in the county. The bishop of Killala was grandfather of the present Sir Samuel Synge HUTCHINSON, of Castle Sallagh, in Ireland, baronet, and his brother, Sir Robert Synge, of Keltrough, baronet.(Back to the MENU)

SCHOOL - This school-house was built by Mrs Temperance GELL, of Hopton, spinster, or by her Trustees, under her Will, dated 21st March 1722, and proved in the prerogative court of Canterbury, 1730, whereby she gave 220 pounds to Sir Nathaniel CURZON, the possessor of Hopton hall, and to Mr Samuel HUTCHINSON, to be laid out in land, for a schoolmistress to teach poor children of Hopton and Carsington, trustees for the time being, of whom the possessor of Hopton hall is always to be one, to have power to choose and displace the mistress, and choose the children. By a codicil, dated 28th September 1728, she devised a house and land to the said trustees, which she had lately purchased, and 200 pounds to build a school-house and habitation for the mistress; who is to teach 20 poor boys and girls of the poorer inhabitants of Hopton and Carsington; and if not a sufficient number in those two places, then from Middleton by Wirksworth - the children to be 5 years old - the mistress to be unmarried, without children, a protestant, and to have 10 pounds a year. This legacy, and 50 pounds left by Samuel BENDALL, Will dated 1727, was laid out in a farm at Ockbrook, now consisting of 52ac 2r 28p, with a barn, occupied by John WALKER, at 80 pounds a year. The trust has never been renewed. Mr GELL being at present sole trustee, choosing mistress and children, who are taught and clothed once a year, at the expense of about 40 pounds a year. The mistress receives a salary of 14 pounds, 14 shillings a year, and 5 pounds yearly for coals. The Commissioners are of opinion that the surplus income ought to be applied in extending the benefits of the charity to a larger number of children; and that new trustees should be appointed.(Back to the MENU)

- GISBORNE, Rev Francis; Funds; 5 pounds, 10 shillings; for the Poor; by will, 1818.
- Widows' Beast-gate; 8ac 1r 28p; 9 pounds; Two poor widows; Inclosure, 1826.

John OLDFIELD, an eminent puritan divine, who wrote on the Righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, was ejected from this benefice in 1662, and died in 1682.

His son, Dr Joshua OLDFIELD, an eminent presbyterian divine and tutor, was born at Carsington in 1656; he exercised his ministry at Tooting, in Surrey, at Oxford, and in Maiden-lane, London. His principal works were Treatises on the Improvement of Human Reason, and on the Trinity.

Mr Ellis FARNEWORTH, translator of the Life of Pope Sextus V, Davila's History of France, and Machiavel's works, was presented to this rectory in 1762, the year before his death.(Back to the MENU)

(from Woolley's Derbyshire, c.1715, DRS 1981, No.137, p.205)
CARSINGTON, a small village lies about a good mile south-west of Wirksworth. It is a church town and a rectory, but both very mean being under 50 pounds in the King's book and pays no tenths. It is a place of no great value, the land about it is pretty good, but hilly. In Doomsday it was called Chersentune and was part of the King's lands. Anno 39 Henry VI [1460/1] the Earl of SHREWSBURY held this manor and left it to his son John, but 7 Elizabeth [1564/5] Ralph GELL gent left an estate here to his son Anthony. At the same time John ROLLESLY Esq died possessed of lands here, which he left his daughter, Maud. The GELLS continue to be still chief owners here, though there was a good family of HEWOODS lately possessed here. Near, or rather part of it is Stainsborough.(Back to the MENU)

(Taken from 'The Derbyshire Village Book' published by the Derbyshire Federation of Women's Institutes & Countryside Books, 1991. ISBN 1 85306 133 6)
Carsington and Hopton are two old mining villages which lie between the market towns of Wirksworth and Ashbourne. In the 7th century, one of the Northern saints, a monk named Betti, came down from Northumberland and set up a preaching cross, which now stands on the village green. It was previously in the Hall grounds and was brought up into the village several years ago.

The church of St Margaret is of l2th century origin but was rebuilt in 1648 and stands on the bottom slopes of Carsington Pastures. An entry in the register dated 29th September 1668 reads: `Sarah Tissington died. Born without hands or arms. She learned to knit, dig in the garden and do other things with her feet.'

Carsington Pastures is about 365 acres of open grazing land which rises steeply above the village to a height of over 1,000 ft above sea level. On the summit there is a large stone landmark, marked on the Ordnance Survey as the King's Chair, but known locally as the Lady Chair. The ground is scarred with remains of lead mines, the main source of wealth for the village for several hundred years and worked first by the Romans, who also brought the pretty blue and yellow pansy, known as heartsease, with them. A Roman pig of lead was found on the Owslow farm some years ago. Several of the old cottages in the village would have been originally the coes which were built round a mine shaft and at least one of them still has the mine shaft below the kitchen floor. A thick seam of lead was exposed during grave digging operations by the sexton in the 1930s, but could not be worked as the lead mining laws did not allow the mining of lead in churchyards, orchards or gardens.

For many years no building of any kind took place, but during the last decade a bypass has been built and the new Carsington reservoir is in process of building for the Severn Trent Water Authority. This has brought alterations to the villages with new houses being built and barns belonging to the farms along the valley being turned into desirable residences. There are only two farms left now in Hopton and the last farm in Carsington village was sold in 1990.

The Gell family lived at Hopton Hall for several centuries until it was sold in 1989 and their influence can be seen throughout both villages. The Hall has been rebuilt and altered over the centuries but there is a part of the original Elizabethan hall still standing with the red brick addition of later years surrounding it. The main road originally ran beside the school and across the front of the Hall until the later road was built. That is the reason for the Miners Arms inn standing with its back to the main road, facing the little lane which was the old road. The Miners Arms is a large three-storey building of the l6th century, and was recently bought from the brewery by the landlord.

The Hall gardens are enclosed by a high red brick wall, which is hollow with a stove at one end. The hollow wall conducted heat from the fire round the wall, against which were grown various kinds of fruit trees. This warmth, together with its south-facing position, ensured an early crop of peaches and other fruits for the house. This was built by Sir Philip Gell, who founded the almshouses in Hopton in 1719. The road to Cromford known as the Via Gellia, or Gell's road, was also built at this time to convey the world famous Hopton Wood stone, which was being quarried on his land at Hopton, to the newly opened Cromford Canal, from where it was despatched worldwide.