Updated 24 Feb 2002

WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900

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Pigot's 1831 Directory of Derbyshire

Pages 62-64
Matlock Bath

Post Office
Gentry and Clergy

Pages 80-84

Post Office
Gentry and Clergy

Page 62


with the village of Bonsall and Neighbourhoods

MATLOCK is a village and parish, in the hundred of Wirksworth; 144 miles from London, 42 S S E from Manchester, 34 N W from Nottingham, 18 N W by N from Derby, 14 N N E from Ashbourn, and rather more than 3 N from Wirksworth. The village is most delightfully situated, partly in a valley, and partly on the side of a hill, on the eastern banks of the river Derwent, and at a short distance from the main road. It is chiefly built of stone, and at its entrance is a neat stone bridge; at some distance from which, on the verge of a most romantic rock, and upon a precipice almost perpendicular, stands the church, dedicated to St Giles, shrouded amidst trees whose luxuriant foliage spreads over the face of the grey rock. The building is an ancient erection, with a square tower and arched roof, the interior of which is covered with paintings, taken from various scriptural subjects. In many parts of the church yard the graves are cut out of the solid rock; the dean of Lincoln is patron of the living, which is a rectory. Fairs for cattle are held here on February 25th, April 2nd, May 9th, and October 24th. The parish of Matlock contained, in 1821, 2,920 inhabitants, and in 1831,3,262.

MATLOCK BATH, about a mile and a half S S W from the village, is seated in a valley, amidst scenery of unparalleled grandeur and variety. The appendages of picturesque beauty are so happily united, that they cannot fail in raising those indescribable associations invariably attending a mind attuned to the contemplation of such sublime scenes - which to delineate, the powers and variations of the pencil must be employed, as alone adequate. To enter into a particular description of the petrifying wells, the numerous caverns, and the variety of fancy articles manufactured and produced here, and to do justice to the general interest, would form a volume. The Royal Museums, where articles fabricated at this place (with a variety of other fancy goods) are constantly on exhibition and sale, and open to the public daily, free of expense, from ten in the morning till nine at night, under the management of Mr Vallance & Mr Abbott; a library and news-room has been added to the museum of Mrs Mawe's. The diseases to which the Matlock waters are peculiarly applicable are, rheumatism, and all those complaints that are increased by a relaxed state of the muscular powers. The fountain bath is situate at the foot of the towering eminence, called the "Heights of Abraham", to which lofty altitude there is an easy ascent by a zigzag path, embellished with plants and flowers. The two principal hotels have baths attached to them, the "Old Bath Hotel", and the "New Bath Hotel", where very superior accommodations are afforded to the visitors resorting to this delightful region; in the former are an elegant concert or assembly room, a spacious dining-room, and a billiard-table. Numerous boarding and lodging houses, also, are adapted by their conductors to the comfort and convenience of the inmates. Boats are constantly ready, at a spot nearly opposite the old bath, to convey the visitors to the other side of the river, or to enable them to view the magnificent scenery, as they glide upon the surface of the transparent stream. Torr Cottage, the late residence of Colonel Payne, and now in the occupation of H Collingwood, Esq is a neat gothic building. placed in perhaps the most delightful and romantic situation in the county; it commands the finest view of the High Torr (a perpendicular rock, rising from the bed of the river Derwent to the height of about 300 feet), and a bird's eye view of the variegated, wide and rich valley, hills, rocks, and woodlands, for several miles; the river Derwent, which abounds with fish, washes the garden grounds and premises. Amongst the natural curiosities are lunar rainbows, which are not unfrequent here; and the other eminences deserving attention are Masson hill, and the romantic cliff forming the boundary of the Dale. There is a commodious chapel here for the independent denomination of dissenters; and at Cromford Bridge is the episcopal chapel, begun by Sir Richard Arkwright, and completed by his son, to which there is access by the beautiful grounds of Willersley Castle; the Rev Richard Ward is the incumbent.

BONSALL is a parish, containing a village which was once a market town, and the market cross, consisting of a pillar, bearing the date 1687, resting on a base formed by the ascent of fifteen steps, still remains. The houses which form the village are scattered over a considerable plot of ground, the centre of which is between three and four miles N W from Wirksworth, and about one mile and a half from Cromford; the approach to it from the latter place being by the Via Gellia, a singularly romantic ravine. The vicinity is diversified with hills and dales; among the latter, the dale of Bonsall is highly pleasing, and several situations around present views eminently interesting to the artist. Here are several colour-works, and a manufactory for tortoiseshell combs. The church, which is dedicated to St James, is a venerable embattled edifice, having a tower terminating in pinnacles, and supporting an octagonal spire, curiously ornamented. The living is a rectory, in the patronage of the dean of Lincoln; there is also a place of worship for general baptists. The free grammar school here was originally endowed in 1704, and further enriched in 1763. The parish contained, in 1821, 1,396 inhabitants, but at the last census (1831) the number returned was 1,315 only.

POST OFFICE, MATLOCK, Samuel Hodgkinson,Post Master - Letters from BAKEWELL arrive every morning at half-past five, and are despatched every afternoon at three - Letters from WIRKSWORTH arrive every afternoon at three, and are despatched every morning at half-past five
POST OFFICE, MATLOCK BATH, Frances Shore, Post Mistress - Letters from WIRKSWORTH arrive every afternoon at half-past one, and are despatched every morning at half-past five.

Barlow Rev Henry,Matlock
Clarke Charles,esq Matlock Bath
Collingwood H S J,esq 
     Torr Cottage,Matlock Bath
Greville Rev Septimus,Bonsal
Harding Mr John,Bonsall
Harwood Rev William,Matlock bath
Leacroft Mrs Jane,Cliff House,Matlock bath
Littler Rev Robert,Matlock Bath
Milnes James,esq Wood end,Matlock
Radford Mr Edward,Tansley
Sellors Mr Henry,Bonsall
Slim Rev Henry,Matlock
Smith Mr Joshua,Matlock Bath
Twigg Mr John,Bonsall
Ward Rev Richard, Matlock bath

ACADEMIES & SCHOOLS Allen John,Bonsall (gents boarding) Barlow Rev Henry,Matlock (classical & commercial boarding & day) Cox Sarah+Jemima, Villa, Matlock Bath (ladies boarding) Drabble (day) Matlock Free Grammar School,Bonsall Abraham Frost, master Saxtons Alice+Mary Ann,Matlock (ladies boarding)

ARTISTS Bird edward,Masson cottage,Matlock Bath (engraver on marble) Rawlinson James,Belle view,Matlock (portrait & historical painter)

ATTORNIES Brittlebank Thomas,Bonsall Gilbert Samuel, the Tower, Heights of Abraham,Matlock bath Milnes James,Wood end,Matlock

BAKERS &c Allwood Samuel,Matlock Boden Anthony & Son,Matlock Bath Boden Thomas,Matlock Bath Wheatcroft William,Matlock bath

BATH PROPRIETORS at Matlock Bath Cumming Mary,Matlock Old Bath Hotel (& billiard rooms) Gilbert samuel, Foot of the Heights of Abraham Saxton George,New Bath Hotel

BLACKSMITHS Baines Job,Matlock Briddon george,Matlock Bath Bunting John,Bonsall Cowley Samuel,Matlock Hawley George,Matlock bridge Turner John,Bonsall White Henry,Matlock

BLEACHERS Farnsworth John,Lumsdale Garton John,Lumsdale

BOOT and SHOE MAKERS Ballington George,Matlock Bath Bryan Benjamin,Matlock Bath Buxton William,Matlock Fox Samuel,Matlock Holmes Benjamin,Matlock Knowles Peter,Matlock Marshall george,Matlock Bath Rolley William,Matlock Bath Statham george,Matlock Swift Charles,Matlock Bath Walker Richard,Bonsall Wild Peter,Matlock Bath Winson George,Matlock Bath

BUTCHERS Hardy Joseph,Matlock Knowles Bethney,Matlock Bath Sibery James,Matlock Spencer Timothy,Matlock Statham Joseph,Bonsall Taylor John,Matlock

COLOUR MANUFACTURERS Ball John,Bonsall Carden Solomon,Bonsall Goodale John+William,Bonsall and at Derby Tonison Joshua,Bonsall

COMB MANUFACTURERS Tortoiseshell Hartle robert,Matlock Bath Ward george samuel,Bonsall

CONFECTIONERS Derbyshire William,Matlock Bath Robinson Robert,Matlock Bath (and fruiterer)

GROCERS and DEALERS in SUNDRIES Abell John,Bonsall Brailsford Sarah,Matlock Bramley Robert,Matlock Carline Joseph,Matlock Chadwick robert,Bonsall Daffin Abanaten,Matlock Dakeyne Mary,Matlock Derbyshire William, Matlock bath (and slater) Frith rosannah,Matlock Hodgkinson Samuel,Matlock Kirk Thomas,Bonsall Lees Anthony,Matlock Merchant George,Matlock Bath Pearson Henry,Matlock Pearson William,Bonsall Pickering William,Matlock (& druggist) Skidmore John,Matlock Bath Yeoman John,Matlock

HATTERS Britland Joseph,Matlock Bath Carline Joseph,Matlock Fentem George,Matlock bridge Pearson Joseph,Matlock Smith stephen,Matlock Walker John,Stark'ems Woodward Anthony,Stark'ems

HOTELS at Matlock Bath Hodgkinson's Hotel,Job Hodgkinson, Museum parade New Bath Hotel (& posting house) George Saxton Old Bath Family Hotel (& posting house) Mary Cumming

JOINERS Buxton John,Matlock Bath Ellis George,Matlock Ellis William,Matlock Raynes Isaac,Bonsall Robinson George,Matlock Smith francis,Matlock bath Wragg peter,Bonsall

LIVERY STABLE KEEPERS Pearson Joseph,Matlock Bath Poundall Thomas,Matlock bath

LODGING HOUSES at Matlock Bath Beeston William Britland Joseph Broadfoot Elizabeth Derbyshire Mary Evans esther Neal --- Pearson Joseph Robinson Thomas Shore Frances Smedley peter Walker George Walker Richard

Biddulph Isaac,Bonsall
Clay Robert,Bonsall
Higgott George,Matlock
Ward Samuel,Matlock

MILLINERS & DRESSMAKERS Bowen Sarah,Matlock bridge Derbyshire Mary,Matlock Bath Wheeldon Ann,Matlock Wright Rebecca,Matlock

PAINTERS - HOUSE &c Bennett Joseph,Matlock Bath (and paper hanger) Greaves James,Matlock Bath

PAPER MAKERS Cave Thomas,Hall dale Skidmore John,Matlock

PETRIFACTION MANUFACTURERS and WAREHOUSES Bowden Joseph,Matlock Bath Buxton William,Matlock Bath Martin George,Matlock Bath Mawe Mrs,Matlock Bath (and Royal museum) Pearson Joseph,Matlock Bath Smedley John,Matlock Bath Smedley peter,Matlock Bath Vallance John,Matlock Bath and 232 Regent St London (Royal centre Museum,repository & manufactory of Derbyshire spar, black & Italian marble,alabaster vases,obelisks,figures,ornaments &c)

SADDLERS Adams Robert,Matlock Marsden Samuel,Matlock

STONE MASONS Pearson James,Matlock Bath Pickard George,Bonsall

SURGEONS Adams John,Matlock Blunden William,Matlock Bath Chinery William,Matlock Bath

TAILORS King John,Matlock King Thomas,Matlock Bath King William,Matlock Bath

TAVERNS & PUBLIC HOUSES Barley Mow,Thomas Millward,Bonsall Blue Ball,William Oakley,Matlock Boat House,William Adin,Matlock Britannia,William Batty,Bonsall Crown,James Bowen,Matlock bridge Devonshire Arms,Thomas Smedley,Matlock Bath Duke William,John Knowles,Matlock George IV,Luke Wilson,Matlock Bath Horse & Jockey,George Smith,Matlock Horse Shoe,William Bowen,Matlock King's Head,James Abell,Bonsall King's Head,Joseph Bennett,Matlock Bath Miners'Standard,William Wheeldon,Bonsall Pig of Lead,James Briddon,Bonsall Queen's Head,James Mather,Bonsall Queen's Head,Timothy Spencer,Matlock Queen's Head,Anthony Walton,Bonsall Red Lion,Charles Else,Matlock Wheat Sheaf,Jane Lowe,Matlock

RETAILERS of BEER Carline Thomas B,Matlock Fox Joseph,Matlock Fox William,Matlock Knowles John,Matlock Poundall Thomas,Matlock Bath Smedley John,Matlock Bath Wright Charles,Matlock

WHEELWRIGHTS Hawley William,Matlock Bath Peat William,Bonsall Potter John,Matlock Statham John,Matlock Trickett Samuel,Matlock

MISCELLANEOUS Adam William,Matlock Bath, agent to Mrs Mawe's museum Alsop John,lead merchant,Bonsall Boothman & Brisco,Matlock Bath, mining proprietors Bowen James,Matlock, watch &c maker Bowen Sarah,Matlock,linen draper Brown Thomas,Bonsall,cooper Fearne Joseph,Matlock bridge, hair dresser Hackett & Germain,Tansley mills, and at Derby, lace manufacturer Hackett John,Tansley mills, and at Derby, smallware manufacturer Hawley george,Matlock,excise officer Hepworth George,Matlock,tallow chandler Hodgkinson --,Matlock,glass &c dealer Kirk Thomas,Bonsall,rope maker Kirkland Charles,Bonsall,agent Lowe George,Matlock,lime burner Ludlam henry,Matlock,maltster News Room and Library,Matlock Bath, Mrs Mawe,proprietor Nuttall George,Matlock,land surveyor Ogdin Francis,Matlock, fishing tackle maker Pickard George Hopton,Bonsall stone merchant Poundall Thomas,Matlock, keeper of horses for hire Radford John and Sons,Tansley mills and Higham, linen & cotton candle wick manufacturers Royal Centre Museum,Matlock Bath John Vallance,proprietor Royal Museum,Matlock Bath Mrs Mawe, proprietor Smith George,Matlock nursery and seedsman Townsend Isaac+Frederick,Matlock corn dealers Walters Joseph,Matlock bridge linen &c draper Weighing machine,Old Bath hotel Mary Cummings,keeper Wheatcroft William,Matlock Bath,currier


CARRIERS To CHESTERFIELD,Thomas Rouse, from his house,Matlock,every Wednesday and Saturday To DERBY,Elizabeth Brinsley,from her house,Matlock Bath,every Tuesday To SHEFFIELD,Elizabeth Brinsley, from Matlock Bath,every Friday returns on Saturday To WIRKSWORTH,Thomas Rouse, from Matlock,every Mon. and Thurs.

Page 80


with the villages of
Alderwasley, Brassington, Carsington, Hopton, Holloway, Lea,
and Neighbourhoods

WIRKSWORTH is a market-town, in the parish of its name, which is partly in the hundred of Wirksworth, and extending into those of Appletree and High Peak; 139 miles from London, 48 S.S,E. from Manchester, 20 S.E. from Buxton, 14 S by W from Derby, 6 N W from Belper, and 3 S from Matlock Bath; situate near to the direct road from the metropolis to Manchester. In Domesday survey it is called Werchesworde, but, according to vulgar tradition, it took its derivation from the circumstance of malefactors being condemned to work in the lead-mines here, and their labours proving valuable, it was said their work is worth, hence the easy transition to its present mode of spelling. Wirksworth comprises three manors: first, the King's, or paramount manor, in right of his dutchy of Lancaster, for which there are annually two courts baron held about Easter and Michaelmas, and a court-leet for the wapentake at Easter; Richard Arkwright, Esq of Willersley Castle, being the present lord of this manor and wapentake, as lessee of the crown: he is also lessee of the King's or mineral duties and privileges of the whole wapentake. The second is the rectory, or the dean of Lincoln's manor, for which a court is held once a year. The Third is a manor extending, as it is said by Lysons, into the townships of Middleton, Hopton, Carsington, Kirk Ireton, and Hognaston, and called Holland's orRichmond's manor, granted by the crown, in 1553, to Ralph Gell, Esq of Hopton, whose descendant, Philip Gell, Esq of Hopton Hall, is the present lord. The magistrates in the town and neighbourhood sit on the market-day; but there is no particular government, a constable and headborough being the only municipal officers. The town-hall is a handsome building of stone, and the mote-hall is a neat modern erection; in the latter mineral causes are adjudged at Easter and Michaelmas. Wirksworth is one of the stations, appointed by the new Boundary Act, for receiving votes at the election of knights of the shire to represent the southern division of the county. The lead business has been for centuries the staple trade of the place; but, from exhaustion and other causes, the productiveness of the mines has greatly decreased and the prosperity of this town has consequently declined. About sixty years ago a pig of lead, wheighing 126 pounds, was discoverd on Cromford moors with the name of the Emperor Adrian, in raised letters upon it, and others of a similar kind have been found in places adjacent; these circumstances form good evidence that mines of this metal were worked here by the Romans, and it is ascertained that the Saxons found them productive in the eighth century. The denominativequalities of the lead ore are distinguished by the names of bing and peser, and a third, which being passed through a sieve in washing, is called smitham; the fourth, caught by a slow stream of water, is termed beleand, and is as fine as flour, but the most inferior in quality. All the ore, as it comes from the mines, is beaten in pieces, and washed by women; the lead is then melted in furnaces, and poured into moulds of various sizes. There are several considerable manufactories for hats in the town and neighbourhood, and one for tape and smallwares; gingham weaving and woolcombing also give employment to many of the inhabitants. The small river Ecclesbourn affords facilities to some of these branches, and likewise turns several corn-mills. The Cromford canal runs parallel with the river for the distance of about three miles, passing on to Whaley in Cheshire, where it communicates with the Peak Forest canal. The completion of that great undertaking, the "Cromford and High Peak Railway", which crosses the road, by means of a bridge of one arch between Wirksworth and Cromford, is a great local convenience. The edifices for divine worship comprise the parish church, and chapels for baptists, independents and Wesleyan methodists. The church, which is dedicated to St Mary, is a handsome structure in the later style of English architecture, with a square tower, supported in the centre by four large pillars, and contains some ancient monuments. The living is a vicarage, in the patronage of the Dean of Lincoln;the present incumbent is the Rev John Harward. The principal charities consist of the free grammar school, founded and endowed by Anthony Gell, of Hopton, in 1576, and re-built within these few years, at an expense of £2,000 and upwards; alms-houses for six persons, founded by the same benevolent gentleman; and divers bequests made by charitable individuals, whereby the poor are benefited at certain periods. In Wirksworth are several genteel residences, and in the neighbourhood are Willersley castle,the seat of Richard Arkwright, Esq. Hopton hall, the seat of Philip Gell, Esq. &c. &c. The general aspect of the country here is fertile, producing fine herbage, and corn of most descriptions, except on the North side, which, in consequence of the devastation and spoil made by the mining operations, has rather a sterile and barren appearance, although it affords good pasture for cattle. From the lofty eminence of Alport, and the craggy precipice of Stourris or black rock, rich and extensive prospects are obtained, which for boldness and diversity have few parallels in England. Near the contiguous hamlets of Middleton are groups of stones, which antiquities decide to have been of druidical arrangement. The weekly market is on Tuesday; fairs are on Shrove Tuesday, Easter Tuesday, May 12th, July 8th, September 8th, and the third Tuesday in November, for cattle, pediary, &c, the last named being also a statute fair for hiring servants. The entire parish of Wirksworth contained, in 1821, 7,315 inhabitants, and in 1831, 7,754, of which last number 5,096 were returned for the town, including 1,014 belonging to the hamlet of Middleton-by-Wirksworth.

CROMFORD, a market-town and township, in the parish of Wirksworth, situate about midway between that town and Matlock, is eminently distinguished by the extensive cotton works, established by the late Sir Richard Arkwright, the father of the Improvements effected in this branch of trade in this country. These works are now in the proprietary of Messrs Peter Arkwright and Co which, with the lead mines, smelting works , manufacture of red lead, grinding and preparing calaminaris &c give employment to a great number of hands, and renders this village of high importance in a mercantile view, to which the Cromford canal, and "Cromford and High Peak railway" are great auxiliaries. Willersley castle, the beautiful seat of Richard Arkwright Esq stands on the south side of a commanding eminence, which terminates the extensive range of rocks that forms the eastern boundary of the Derwent in its course through Matlock dale; the castle consists of a body, in the form of an oblong square, having a circular tower rising from the corner of the roof, semi-circular ones projecting from the entrance and the two wings, with a round tower at each angle; the whole edifice is embattled, and the exterior of white free stone. This building was erected by the late Sir Richard Arkwright, in the year 1782; and on the 8th of August, 1791, the house (before it was inhabited) was, by an overheated stove, set on fire, and the combustible part consumed. The present mansion is furnished with great taste and neatness; the gardens and walks are most judiciously laid out; and the plantations are rich and extensive; the gardens are opened to the public every Monday and Thursday. The chapel here, under the establishment, was begun by the late Sir Richard Arkwright, and finished by his son Richard; the living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the family. Here are also a Wesleyan methodist chapel, and Sunday schools, the latter established by the late Sir Richard Arkwright, to whom, indeed, the origin of the town may be entirely ascribed. In 1790 this gentleman obtained the grant of a market, which is now held on Saturday. The township contained, at the last census, 1,291 inhabitants.

ALDERWASLEY is a township, in the parish of Wirksworth, about two miles E by S from that town. The mansion of Francis Hurt Esq is pleasantly situate near the church, and commands an extensive prospect. Population 424.

BRASSINGTON, a township and village, in the parish of Bradbourn, and in the hundred of Wirksworth, is four miles N W from the last named town, and contains about 700 inhabitants, principally in agricultural employment.

CARSINGTON is a small parish, about two miles and a half W from Wirksworth, containing a small ancient church, dedicated to St Margaret; the living is a rectory, of which the dean of Lincoln is the patron. The parish contained, in 1831, 286 inhabitants, who are chiefly supported by agriculture and mining.

HOPTON is a small township, in the parish of wirksworth, about two miles W by S from that town, placed in a deep valley, and guarded by lofty rocks. Here is the seat of Philip Gell, Esq chairman of the quarter sessions for the county, whose family has been resident here since the time of Queen Elizabeth. In the village are alms-houses for two poor men and two poor women, erected by Sir Philip Gell in 1719. The population is 118.

HOLLOWAY and LEA are two villages, two and a half miles from Cromford, containing considerable lead-works, a manufactory for hosiery and merino spinning, and one for hats. The situation of these villages is highly picturesque. From Lea the inclined plane of the High Peak railway ascends to the summit of the lofty hills which environ Cromford. Lea, or Dethick Lea, and Holloway (in the parish of Ashover), form one hamlet, containing 675 inhabitants.

POST OFFICE, Coldwell-street, Wirksworth, Mrs Mary Brace, Post Mistress - Letters from London and Derby arrive every day at half-past twelve, and are despatched every morning at twenty minutes past six. - Letters from Bakewell and the North arrive every morning at six, and are despatched every afternoon at one.

Allsop Mr William, Brassington
Alsop Mrs,Lea Hurst
Arkwright Peter,esq Rock House, Cromford
Arkwright Richard,esq Willersley Castle
Armstrong Mrs,St John's St
Bradshaw Mrs,Green Hill
Charlton Capt William, Brassington Hall
Colledge Mrs,North End
Evans Miss Elizabeth,Cromford Bridge
Gell Mrs,Gate House
Gell Philip,esq Hopton Hall
Gell Rev Robert,Gate House
Goodwin Captain Francis Green,Wigwell
Greenhough Mrs Mary,North End
Hall Miss Mary,Cromford Bridge
Hall Mr Thomas,Hopton
Harward Rev John,Vicarage
Haslam Mrs Mary,North End
Heap Mr John,Wash green
Hodgkinson Mr Edmund,West End
Hubbersty Mrs,North End
Hubbersty Rev Nathan, North End
Hunt Mr Joseph,West End
Hunt Mr William,Bolehill
Hurt Charles,esq Coldwell St
Hurt Charles,jun esq Coldwell St
Hurt Francis,esq Alderwasley Hall
Hurt Major James,St John St
Hurt Richard,esq Coldwell St
Jackson Mr Henry,Market place
Mason Mrs Ann,Pig Market
Mitchell Mrs,St John St
Mitchell Rev,St John St
Nightingale William E S,esq Lea Hurst
Nuttall Mrs Sarah,St John St
Oldfield Mr John,Hopton
Page Mrs Sarah,Church Yard
Peel the Misses,North end
Phabay Captain,Town Head
Shaw Mr james,Bolehill
Smedley Miss Mary,North End
Smith Miss,West End
Taylor Mrs Ann,St John St
Tomlinson Mr Thomas,Rise End
Toplis Mr George,Brassington
Wager Mr Jasper,New Bridge
Ward Mrs Ann,North End
Wheatcroft Mr Abraham,Cromford

ACADEMIES and SCHOOLS (not otherwise described are Day Schools) Briddon Maria,Dale Brough Mary,(ladies boarding) Church St Free School, Church Yard - Rev Nathan Hubbersty, head master Hawley Ann,Middleton Lovegrove Harriet,Carsington Marshall Thomas, Coldwell St Peal Marcellus,Coldwell St Peat ellen,Middleton Reynolds Samuel,Wash Green Slack daniel,Brassington Watson Alice,Brassington

AGENTS - Lead ore and mineral Flint Joseph,Bolehill Knowles Roger,Bailey's Croft Roseware John,North End Smedley Thomas,Steeple Houses Spencer Isaac,Middleton Wilson Daniel,Coldwell St

ATTORNEYS Andrew John,St John St Hodgkinson George,St John St Hubbersty Philip,Coldwell St Page Francis Bradshaw,Coldwell St

AUCTIONEERS Jackson Joseph,Church St Tomlinson John,St John St

BAKERS & FLOUR DEALERS Adams Obadiah,Middleton Anable James,North End Boden Edward,Cromford Bowmer Francis,New Bridge Brooks Hugh,St John St Burton Thomas,Cromford Macbeth Isaac,St John St Radford Joseph,Holloway Swindell Thomas,Brassington Taylor Dorothy,St John St

BANKERS Arkwright Richard & Co,Causeway (draw on Smith,Payne and Smiths,London) Savings Bank,Pig market (open on Tuesday from eleven to one

BASKET MAKERS Graham Thomas,West end Maskery John,Causeway

BLACKSMITHS Bamford John,St John St Brocklehurst Richard,North end Bunting William,Cromford Gallimore John,St John St Gibbons Thomas,Dale Gibbons Thomas jun,Coldwell St Grattan David,Middleton Grattan David jun,Middleton Gratton John,North end Gratton Joshua,Middleton Hawley William,Middleton Land John,West end Radford John,Holloway Radford John,Brassington Spencer James,Hopton Watson Henry,Brassington Winson William,Green hill

BLEACHERS Stevenson William+James,Wash green

BOOKSELLERS, PRINTERS and STATIONERS Coates George,Market place Fearn James,Cromford Whittaker James,Market place

BOOT & SHOE MAKERS Bamford George,St John's lane Beasley John,St John st Bland James,Middleton Blount Joseph,Belper Lane end Brocklehurst Richard,Cromford Buckley Benjamin,Middleton Bush John,St John st Clark Timothy,St John st Clay Barton,Coldwell st Clemmenson George,Bailey croft Doxey Joseph,Green hill Flint walter,Cromford Frost Joseph,Warmsbrook Gaunt John,Holloway Gibson John,Lea Greatorex Joshua,Carsington Griffin Silvanus,Coldwell st Hanson Isaac,Church yard Heaton William,Cromford Hewitt Anthony,Cromford Jepson jonathan,Market place Lee Isaac,Brassington Lowe Samuel,Town head Lymn Charles,Cromford Mather Robert,Dale Mellor John,Brassington Oldham Thomas,Holloway Peal Charles,Church lane Peat Anthony,St John St Peat Phineas,Market place Peat Richard,Wash green Peat William,Causeway Seeds Mary,St John st Shaw Thomas,Market place Stone Mark,St John's lane Taylor Edward,Wash green Taylor John,Dale Taylor John,Alderwasley Taylor William,Church yard Tomlinson James,Coldwell st Udall William,North end Walker Abraham,Middleton Walker John,Brassington Walker William,Brassington Wall Hugh,Church yard Wild John,Coldwell st Wild Thomas,Green hill Wilkinson George,Cromford Wilkinson Robert,Carsington Winson Joshua,St John st Wright John,Holloway Wyld Isaac,Church yard

BRAZIERS and TIN-PLATE WORKERS Budworth George,Crimble court Marsden Henry,Market place Oates Jonathan,Cromford Spencer John,Chinahouse yard

BRICK MAKER Hodgkinson Thomas,Wirksworth moor

BUTCHERS Abbott William,Dale Abbott William,Middleton Amatt John,St John st Clark Samuel,Alderwasley Clough John,Dale Clough William,North end Edge Richard,Brassington Farrand Anthony,St John st Green Thomas,Dale Hall Francis,Church yard Hall Job,St John st Higgots William,Cromford Maskery John,Dale Ogden Job,Wash green Ogden John,North end Ogden Joseph,Coldwell st Ogden William,North end Rowland John,Dale Slack Ellen,St John st Slack John,Market place Slack Josiah & Son,Middleton Spencer Francis,West end Spencer Peter,Middleton Spencer Richard,St John st Spencer Richard,Middleton Spencer William,Middleton Udall John,Green hill Walton William,Brassington

CLOG & PATTEN MAKERS Hunt William,North end Wild Joseph,St John st

COAL DEALERS Frost Benjamin,Dale Frost Samuel,West end

COOPERS Bailey Thomas,West end Ford Smauel,St John st Roberts Joseph,Market place

COTTON SPINNERS Arkwright Peter and Co,Cromford

CURRIERS and LEATHER CUTTERS Lancashire Joseph,West end Nuttall Samuel,Wash green Poyzer John.Chine House yard Shipley Francis Henry,Cromford

DRUGGISTS Brown Thomas,Cromford Ford Joshua,Market place Frost William,Market place James Alexander,Market place Staley Francis,cromford Toplis John,Cromford

DYERS - GARMENTS &c Bamford Elizabeth,Green hill Buxton German,Warm brook Twigg Mary,Church yard

FARRIERS Briddon John,Coldwell st Dicken John,West end (and horse breaker) Gallimore John,St John st Wragg george,Green hill

FIRE, &c OFFICE, AGENTS Royal Exchange,Thomas Tomlinsin,Rise end Sun,Francis B Page,Coldwell st

GINGHAM &c MANUFACTURERS Kniveton Charles,West end (and checks,handkerchiefs,frockings &c) Kniveton George,Dale end and Market place (& striped cottons,checks,frockings &c) Waterall George,Market place

GROCERS & TEA DEALERS (see also Shopkeepers &c) Ford Joshua,Market place Frost samuel,West end Frost William,Market place (and tallow chandler) Green james,Cromford Lee John,Cromford Marsh William,Green hill Mason William,Cromford Percival Benjamin,Coldwell st Scott Mathias,Market place Spencer Hannah,Market place Spencer William,St John St Staley Francis,Cromford Tipper Joseph,St John st Toplis John,Cromford White Samuel Moore,Cromford Wilson george,Market place Wright and Sons,Market place

HAT MANUFACTURERS (see also Hatters) Ballington Anthony,St John st Rolley James,Cromford Thelwell John,Mill house Walker William,Lea Wood Samuel,Dale

HATTERS Hall James,Market place (and hosier) Holmes Anthony,Cromford Kniveton george,Coldwell st Roose Richard,Cromford

HOSIERY MANUFACTURER Smedley John,Lea mill (and merino spinner)

INNS Crown,Samuel Harley,Market place Greyhound,George Higgott,Cromford Red Lion,Benjamin White,Market place

IRON MASTERS Mold John & Charles,Alderwasley, and Morley Park Iron works

IRONMONGERS Sanders James (& Smith),Market place Staley Francis,Cromford Webster george,Coldwell st

JOINERS Bastings Thomas,Middleton Britland Robert,Cromford Brownson John,China House yard Dakin John,Causeway Evans Noah,Brassington Fox Robert,Green hill Godbehere John,North end (and millwright) Greatorex John,St John st Killer John,Middleton Killer Samuel,Middleton Newton Thomas,Church st Shaw Hugh,Market place Spencer William,St John st Stone William,Cromford Taylor Samuel,Alderwasley Twigg John,Hopton

LEAD MERCHANTS Alsop John,Lea Bridge and Crich Wass Joseph,Lea Lead works

LIME BURNERS & DEALERS Shaw John,Steeple houses Waterfield John,North end Waterfield Nathaniel,North end Wint Samuel,West end

LINEN and WOOLEN DRAPERS Allen George,Cromford Dale George Tertius,St John st Evans Samuel,Market place Green James,Cromford Hall Samuel,Market place Heap George,St John st Scott Matthias,Market place Waterall George,Market place White Samuel Moore,Cromford

Atherton James,Brassington
Gell Daniel,Cromford
Higgott George,Cromford
Hodgkinson Thomas,Wirksworth Moor
Newton Thomas,Church st
Poyser Samuel+Richard,Market place
Shaw John+Thomas,Steeple houses
Shaw Thomas,St John st
Wilson John and Son,North end

MERCHANTS Wheatcroft Nathaniel and Son,Cromford (timber,corn,coal and slate)

MILLERS & FLOUR DEALERS Else William,Lea Richardson William,New bridge

MILLINERS and DRESS MAKERS Adams Mary,Middleton Adams Sarah,Middleton Buckley Grace,Middleton Charlton Hannah,Brassington Else Mabel,Middleton Fearn Sarah,Brassington Frost Grace,Middleton Fryer Elizabeth,cromford Gell Ann,North end Kinder Elizabeth,St John st Peat Eliza,Church yard Shaw Ann,Middleton Sheppard Mary,Bailey's croft Slack Mary,Brassington Smith Hannah,St John st Spencer Mary,Middleton

PAINT MANUFACTURERS Cromford Mineral Paint Works, George Tissington,Cromford,agent Pegg Robert,Wash green

PERFUMERS and HAIR CUTTERS Atkins Mary,St John st Fearn James,Cromford (& bookseller) Mee James,Market place

PLASTERERS Potter James,Wash green Potter William,New bridge

PLUMBERS and GALZIERS Harley daniel,Coldwell st Harley Samuel,Market place Parker William,Cromford Pickard Gill,Coldwell st Poyser Richard,West end Twigg John,Causeway

PORTER DEALERS Frost Samuel,West end Wright & Sons,Market place (& hop,seed,wine and spirit)

SADDLERS and HARNESS MAKERS Adams Obadiah,Cromford Allsop Charles,North end Wall Richard,Market place

SEEDSMEN Allsop Isaac,Dale Bromley Robert,Coldwell st Fowke Jesse,St John st

SHOPKEEPERS & DEALERS in GROCERIES & SUNDERIES Adams Obadiah,Middleton Allen George,Cromford Anable James,North end Bacon John,Carsington Bamford John,Dale Britland Anthony,Cromford Barton Thomas,Cromford Buxton Edmund,Brassington Cheetham John,Middleton Greenhough John,North end Hall Thomas,Bole hill Holmes Anthony,Cromford Killer John,Middleton Kirk Richard,Brassington Mappleback John,North end Marsh Elizabeth,Wash green Marshall Sarah,Alderwasley Moore Caleb,Middleton Potter Lydia,Cromford Radford Jemima,Holloway Richardson Charles,Market place Richardson William,New bridge Smedley Job,Cromford Smith george,Holloway Spencer Hannah,Market place Spencer John,Middleton Sterland Susannah,Cromford Street Mary Ann,Cromford Swain Mary,Mill houses Wagstaffe John,Cromford Walker William,Bole hill Walton Thomas,Brassington Watson Henry,Brassington Wesson Martha,Cromford Wright William,Brassington

STAY MAKERS Peal & Jackson,North end Wall Samuel,Bree field

STONE and MARBLE MERCHANTS Pickard George,(Hopton Stone) North end Sims William,Holloway (stone)

STONE MASONS Fearn James & Co,Brassington Maskery John,Wash green Pickard George,North end Smedley John,St John st Webster John,St John st

STRAW HAT MAKERS Lancashire Julia,Town head Peat Ann, Causeway Roose Ann,West end Rosewarne Hannah,Coldwell st Spencer Grace,St John st Tomlinson Elizabeth,Warm brook

SURGEONS Brown Thomas,Cromford Cantrell William,West end Poyser Thomas,Coldwell st Shaw Francis,West end

TAILORS Bamford John,Dale Barker Benjamin,Bailey's croft Bastings Robert,Middleton Bowler Thomas,Ashbourn road Dale George Tertius,St John st (and draper) Elliott William,Coldwell st Gray Hugh,Cromford Hill Charles,Cromford (& draper) Hopkin William,Brassington Levy Thomas,Dale Sims James,West end Stafford Matthew,Cromford Torr George,Brassington Turner George,St John st Wagstaff Joseph,Cromford Wain Thomas,Cromford Walker John,Church st Wall Joshua,Dale Wesley John,Coldwell st

TANNERS & FELLMONGERS Webster Joseph,New bridge (& leather dresser)

TAVERNS & PUBLIC HOUSES Angel,Job Weston,Coldwell st Bear,Samuel Clark,Alderwasley Black's Head,George Heald,Market place Blue Bell,Daniel Gell,Cromford Blue Bell,John Tomlinson,St John st Board,John Else,Holloway Board,Henry fletcher,Mill houses Bull,Charles Richardson,Market place Bull's Head,John Walker,Cromford Chequers,Thomas Brooks,Bole hill Chequers,John Kinder,Mill houses Cock,John Mart,Cromford Cromford and High Peak Railway Inn, Joshua Weston,Steeple houses Crown,Joshua Roper,Cromford Dog & Partridge,Mary Allsop,Market place Gate,William Toplis,Brassington George & Dragon,William Fearn,Brassington George & Dragon,William Young,Cromford br Glazier's Arms,Thomas Frost,Market place Green Man,Francis Spencer,West end Greyhound,Joseph Hall,Market place Holly Bush,Benjamin Kniveton,Bole hill Hope & Anchor,Elizabeth Hunt,St John st Horse Shoe,Joseph radford,Lea Jug & Glass,George Flint,Lea King's Headf,John Frost,Coldwell st Miners'Arms,Anthony Gould,Carsington Miners'Arms,Thomas Ogden,New Bridge Miners'Arms,Thomas Slack,Brassington Miners'Standard,William Slack,Middleton Nelson's Arms,James Gell,Coldwell st Nelson's Arms,Isaac Spencer,Middleton Pig of Lead,William Peat,Cromford Recruiting Serjeant,Benjamin Frost,Dale Rising Sun,David walker,Middleton Rose & Crown,Joseph Pickard,Coldwell st Royal Oak,William Ogden,North end Ship,John Colledge,Wash green Spread Eagle,Robert Jackson,Market place Thorn tree,John Potts,Brassington Tiger.William Lowe,St John st Wheat Sheaf,John Bealey,St John st White Lion,Thomas Collinson,Coldwell st

RETAILERS OF BEER Bamford John,Dale Bamford John,St John st Boden Anthony,Cromford Boden Edward,Cromford Boyd William,China House yard Bush John,St John st Byard William,Chine House yard Gallimore John,St John st Gell Joseph,Wash green Greatorex Thomas,Carsington Hawley John,Dale Hodgkinson Joshua,Cromford Roose John,New bridge Sheldon Joseph,Cromford Slack Robert,Brassington Smith George,West end Waterfield John,North end Watson Henry,Brassington Wheatcroft Mary,North end

TURNERS & CHAIR MAKERS Brownson John,China House yard Dean John,St John st Greatorex Robert,St John st Holehouse Thomas,Warm brook Mappleback John,North end

WATCH & CLOCK MAKERS Cotterill John,Coldwell st Hill John,Cromford Shaw Edward,Market place

WHEELWRIGHTS Godbehere John,North end Haines John,Lea Knowles William,Brassington Ludlam John,Cromford Roper Joshua,Cromford Smith William,Brassington Wilson John & Son,St John st

WOOL-COMBERS & HOSIERS Godbehere Samuel,Warm brook Jepson William,St John st Rogers William,Wash green

MISCELLANEOUS Bacon John,parish clerk,Carsington Bacon Nathaniel,iron founder,Cromford Bailey Thomas,deputy constable,West end Cotes George,painter,Market place Cowlishaw William,supervisor,West end Crooks Abraham,nail maker,St John st Frost Samuel,rope maker,Pig market Heap George,clothier,St John st Kinder John,wire worker,Causeway Marshall John,Coldwell st bailiff for the hundred of Wirksworth and high constable. Riley,Evans & Co,Mill houses smallware manufacturers Shaw Sarah,Market place Birmingham and Sheffield warehouse. Springthorpe William,engineer,Cromford Stamp Office,Coldwell st Taylor samuel,parish clerk,Alderwasley Walker William,parish clerk,Brassington Webster John,St John st dealer in cast metal goods Wheatcroft John,land surveyor,North end

BAR MASTERS Joshua Hodgkinson,Cromford (for the liberty of Cromford) Thomas Slack,Brassington (for the liberty of Brassington)

COACHES All call at, or go from the Greyhound, Cromford, when not otherwise expressed To LONDON, the Peveril of the Peak and the Royal Bruce (from Manchester) every evening at half-past five. To BIRMINGHAM, the Defiance (from Sheffield) every morning at half-past eleven. To BUXTON, the Peak Guide, every morning at half-past eight. To DERBY, a Car for passengers, from the Rose and Crown, Wirksworth, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday morning at eight. To MANCHESTER, the Lord NELSON (from Nottingham) calls at the Greyhound, and the Lady Nelson, calls at the William the Fourth, every morning at half-past nine - and the Royal Bruce and the Peveril of the Peak (from London) every day at twelve. To NOTTINGHAM, the Lord Nelson (from Manchester) calls at the Greyhound, and the Lady Nelson, calls at the William the Fourth, every afternoon at half past three. To SHEFFIELD, the Defiance (from Birmingham) every afternood at half-past three.

CARRIERS To LONDON,German Wheatcroft and Son's Van,from Cromford,three days a week. To ALFRETON,Thomas Topham,from the Crown,Cromford,every Monday To ASHBOURN,Joseph Frost,from the King's Head,every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. To BAKEWELL and BELPER,a Mail Cart,for light parcels,every afternoon at one. To CHESTERFIELD - Rose,from the Crown,Cromford,every Saturday. To DERBY, - Stevenson,from his house,New Bridge,every Monday, Wednesday and Friday - and Job Western, from the Angel,Coldwell street,three days a week. To SHEFFIELD, - Blundsley,from the Crown,Cromford,every Friday.

CONVEYANCE BY WATER To LONDON,BRISTOL & the WEST and LIVERPOOL,MANCHESTER and the NORTH,German Wheatcroft and Son's Fly Boats,from Cromford three days a week. To NOTTINGHAM,GAINSBORO', BOSTON and all parts of the EAST German Wheatcroft and Sons,three days a week - & Nathaniel Wheatcroft & Son,from Cromford,every Tuesday and Friday. To STOKE and the POTTERIES Nathaniel Wheatcroft and Son,from Cromford,every Tuesday and Friday.

Compiled, formatted, hyperlinked, encoded, and copyright © 2002, John Palmer, All Rights Reserved.