The Frontispiece of the 32 page booklet, dated about 1924
WHEN JOHN SMEDLEY, in 1853, opened "a small house at Matlock Bank
for six patients," and so founded hydropathy in this country, he
can scarcely have imagined that the institution thus modestly begun
was to grow into the present-day huge establishment.
The Smedley's of nowadays, though justifiably proud of its longevity
and its size, does not make its appeal on either of these grounds.
It claims to offer, at very moderate expense, a happier and more
beneficial holiday or health-visit than any other resort in the
world provides at comparably low cost.
It is now becoming generally recognised that holidays, like exercise
and food, need to be taken with care and with particular reference
to individual needs. Holidays that make too violent demands on the
energies, or that involve too abrupt a change from ordinary methods
of life, may, and frequently do, cause more harm than benefit.
Healthy comfort without boredom or stuffiness ; amusement without
fatigue ; the hearty geniality of communal life, yet with privacy
for those who prefer it - such are the guiding principles which
make Smedley's in truth "the home of health and holiday."
On the more strictly hydropathic side, the supremacy of Smedley's
rests on the three vital factors of wide experience and success
in treatment high quality of medical service and unrivalled
completeness of equipment.
"Smedley's, Matlock." 17 Matlock (two lines)
For the help of the reader:
Average wages for 1924 were:
Craftsman: 1/6 per hour
Labourer: 1/- per hour
Ag.Labourer: -/6 per hour (minimum wage)
Figures taken from:Wages and Money
Board and Residence (according to situation of Bedroom)
13/-, 13/6, 15/- and 16/6 each per day.
When Two Persons occupy the same Bed
A reduction of one shilling each per day.
If Two Beds occupied in same room
A reduction of only sixpence each per day.
Some special rooms at a little higher rate.
Children under Twelve occupying room with Adults from 6/6 per day.
Private Sitting Room 9/-
Board and Lodging for Female Servant 8/-
Board and Lodging for Male Servant 9/-
Day of arrival is charged, but not day of departure.
Easter, August and Christmas-In addition to above rates, an initial
charge of one guinea each person is made for a visit of any length,
commencing between Wednesday before Easter and Easter Wednesday,
between last Wednesday in July and end of August, and between
December 18th and December 31st. All these days inclusive.
NOTE-No extra charge is made for Turkish, Russian, Spray, Needle Baths,
Mustard Sheets, or Liver Packs, either to patients or visitors
residing in the house, precedence is, of course, given patients.
For particulars as to charges for other treatments, see pages 23 and 25.
N.B.-ROOMS RESERVED from a certain date (or retained during temporary
absence) are charged half-price from the day they were engaged for
occupation, excepting holiday times and during August, when the full
rate is chargeable.
Fire in Bedroom 2/- per day.
Fire in Bedroom from 5 p.m. 1/-
Serving Breakfast in Bedroom 6d. each or 2/6 per week
Serving Meals in Bedroom (all the meals) 6d. each or 5/-
visitors desiring a meal served in Bedroom will please intimate
same to the Chambermaid at least an hour previously.
Early Cup of Tea or Cocoa in Bedroom, 6d.,
or in the lower hall on the way to the Bath House at 7 a.m., free.
Meals can be taken in the Empire Room on payment of an extra charge of 1/- each person per day.
Rooms should as far as possible be engaged some days in advance of
arrival. Letters to be addressed to the Manager.
NOTICE OF LEAVING to be given to the Matron as EARLY AS POSSIBLE,
BUT AT LEAST ONE DAY PRIOR TO DEPARTURE, otherwise an extra day
Luggage to be packed not later than noon on day of departure, and
rooms placed at the disposal of the Management.
The GENERAL OFFICE is open daily (Sundays excepted)
fro. 9-0 a.m. to 5-30 p.m. Saturdays, 1-30p.m.
Accounts are rendered on Wednesdays. Payment each week is requested
in the Office.
The Company is not responsible for visitors' property and valuables
lost in the Establishment unless deposited in the General Office and
a receipt obtained.
The key of the bedroom may be had from the Hall Porter, deposit 2/-
Breakfast October to March inclusive 9-0 a.m.
April to September inclusive from 8-30 a.m.
Luncheon 1-0 p.m.
Afternoon Tea 4-0 p.m.
Dinner 7-0 p.m.
Tea, Coffee, or Cocoa served after Dinner.
Breakfast October to March inclusive 9-0 a.m.
April to September inclusive. . from 8-30 a.m.
Dinner 1-0 p.m.
Afternoon Tea 4-0 p.m.
Supper from 7-0 p.m.
Meals are served punctually, and for the comfort of all concerned it is particularly requested that visitors also will be punctual.
N.B.-The duration of Meals is not fixed in any way, but is regulated solely by the requirements of each individual. The medical direction deprecates all hurry, for which there can be no valid excuse.
Special Provision for Invalids.
Any who, by medical advice, may wish to avoid the public table, will please apply to the Head Waiter for accommodation in the Private Dining Room.
Special Diet, beyond that provided on Menu, charged extra.
Morning and Evening Prayers in the Drawing Room.
Electric Passenger Elevators give easy access to all the floors.
All bedrooms and corridors, as well as the public rooms, are
warmed in winter.
Visitors, on arrival, should enter their names in the Register, and so avoid delay in the delivery of letters, messages, telegrams, parcels, etc.
Letters, telegrams, parcels, etc., are in the charge of the Hall Porter.
The Postal Box in Entrance Hall is regularly cleared.
Letters for persons not on the books of the Establishment, and
not claimed within forty eight hours, are returned to the
Rooms for Ladies and Gentlemen in the basement, equipped with
up-to-date appliances. Special treatments available.
A Steam Laundry is attached to the establishment, where visitors linen is expeditiously washed at moderate charges.
Watchmen are in constant attendance throughout the night, and
perambulate the building at stated intervals. No attendance
from the housemaids after 10-15 p.m.
Pet Animals of any kind cannot be admitted to the house.
House Library in the Reading Room, open from 11-30 a.m. to
12 noon, and 4-15 to 4-45 p.m.
Newspapers, etc - Messrs. W. H. Smith & Son have a stall in
the Entrance Hall, and a liberal supply is provided in the Public Rooms.
Motor Garage- (Inspection Pit). Charge, 1/6 per day.
It is now over seventy years since the Establishment was founded,
and in the history of hydropathy it holds a place of premier
importance ; for it was here that John Smedley inaugurated that
milder development of the water cure, for which Matlock has since
become famous. In the Encyclopedia Brilannica (Article "Hydropathy,"
by the late Dr. W. B. Hunter) occurs the following passage, defining
the situation at the time, and the part played by the founder of
Increasing popularity diminished ere
long that timidity which hitherto, in great
measure, had kept the weaker and more
serious class of cases from making a trial of
the new method which has been mainly
occupied as yet with a sturdy order of chronic
inva!ids, well able to bear a rigorous regimen.
The need of a radical adaptation to this
class was first adequately recognised by
John Smedley, a manufacturer of Derbyshire,
who, impressed in his own person with
the severities as well as the benefits of the
cold-water cure, practised among his work.
people a milder form of hydropathy, and
began, about 1852, a new era in its history,
founding at Matlock an English counterpart
to the Parent establishment at Grafenberg,
alike in the smallness of its beginning and the
popularity it ultimately obtained."
History of Establishment - continued
In the County Guide Book of 1869 (Bemrose) the rapid rise of
the establishment is recorded in the following terms:
"Matlock Station, close to the right of which is Matiock Bank,
the headquarters of hydropathy. The introduction of hydropathy
into this district is due to John Smedley, Esq., the enterprising
and philanthropic proprietor of the Lea Mills, who, having himself
benefited by hydropathic treatment, commenced the practice of it
at Lea Mills in 1851, for the benefit, in the first instance, of
his workpeople. The necessity of providing accommodation for the
number of neighbours and visitors who sought to avail themselves
of the water cure, led Mr. Smedley to purchase a house at
Matlock Bank for that purpose. This was in 1853, and from time
to time this house has been enlarged, until it is now the most
complete and extensive establishment in the kingdom."
Since the death of Mr. Smedley, in
1874, the establishment has been greatly enlarged, and the older
portions completely rebuilt. A new suite of baths gives, among
other advantages, a separate Turkish Bath for Ladies, and a
complete electric installation for Medical purposes. The
establishment has over 260 bedrooms, providing accommodation
for upwards of 400 persons.
A Farm of 300 Acres
is worked in connection with the establishment to ensure a
constant supply of pure, fresh milk, and other produce.
The Establishment is extensively patronised by Pleasure Seekers
in addition to those requiring Hydropathic treatment, consequently
the visitor enjoys a lively and ever-changing society, with varied
and healthful amusements, which are so arranged as not to interfere
with the general comfort. In the evenings there are concerts,
theatricals, tableaux, cinema, dancing, games, etc.
The Billiard Room has two full-sized tables.
Indoor Games Room -Golf, Croquet, Carpet Bowls, Deck Quoits,
Outdoor Sports -Boating, Fishing, Riding, Golf, Grass and Hard
Croquet Grounds. Tennis Courts and Croquet Lawns, Large Bowling Green, etc.
The Annual Bowling, Tennis, Croquet and
Golf Tournaments are held during August.
A Lounge Corridor, one hundred yards long, forms the
approach to a spacious Winter Garden (with Spring
Dancing Floor) and Fernery, which provides ample space
for exercise and recreation in all kinds of weather, and
where instrumental Concerts are given daily.
Matlock Golf Links, 18 holes and over three
miles round, situate on Matlock Moor, are within twenty
minutes' walk from the establishment.
Visitors, Daily Tickets 3/-
Weekly Tickets 17/6
Monthly Tickets 35/-
Smedley's as a Health Resort,
The climate is fairly equable and free from extremes of cold, damp,
and high winds. The mean temperature for the winter is 45°,
the average rainfall 32.21 in., the altitude 500-ft. above sea level,
and the exposure south-west. The establishment is situated midway up
a broad slope, with an incline of about one in seven, affording rapid
and thorough drainage. It stands 250-ft. above the valley, securing
dryness of atmosphere, and the heights, extending as far again above
the house, afford shelter from the north and cast. The maximum amount
of sunshine is thus secured, and free access also to the more genial
and health-giving winds from south and west. The air is that of a
pastoral and moorland country, and the water, derived from the open
moorlands above, is of exceptional softness and purity; the river
below is rapid, there are no marshlands about, nor are the hill-slopes
heavily wooded to the detriment of that dryness of atmosphere which
is desirable for invalids. The prospect from the windows, balconies,
and terraces is one of great beauty and singular diversity, and the
neighbourhood is rich in objects of interest- artistic, archeoological,
historical and natural.
The establishment provides a suite of public rooms, all with a southern
exposure, well lighted, carefully warmed, and amply ventilated. In one
long frontage are drawing room, ladies' drawing room, reading room,
billiard room, smoking room, and Winter Garden -all spacious, airy,
and provided with electric light. The corridors are well warmed and
well lighted, and the bedroom flights have access by an electric
elevator. In front are covered verandahs and open balconies, affording
well sheltered promenades and accommodation for invalids confined more
or less to their couches. These latter can be used. almost daily
throughout the winter months by many who otherwise had been prisoners
to the house for most of the time.
There are gravelled walks and terraces in abundance, with covered
alcoves here and there.
For the invalid the advantages peculiar to wintering in such a place
as this over wintering abroad are very considerable. The long and
fatiguing journey by land or sea, or both, and the many risks of
mischance by the way are avoided. The manifold difficulties of
getting favourably settled abroad, the numerous drawbacks of ordinary
hotel life, a foreign cuisine, inadequate provision against the
inclement weather which sometimes surprises the seeker after sunshine,
the inevitable extremes of temperatures to be encountered almost
daily, indoors as well as out, the lack of English comforts, and the
remoteness from family and friends in case of severe sickness, are all
avoided in great measure by the choice of a winter resort in England.
The confessed inferiority of climate is the one great set-off
against these advantages, but when one remembers how
large a portion of the twenty-four hours is spent indoors
the balance should show decidedly in favour of the English
In the selection of a winter resort in this country the
choice should fall on that which will leave the patient as
little dependent as possible on the uncertain weather out
of doors, on that which affords the greatest measure of
indoor comfort of a properly hygienic kind. In the event
of illness the advantage of being in such an establishment
as this is very manifest, with a medical staff on the spot,
every facility for treatment, and the speedy attendance
of friends and relatives if necessary.
Many who have wintered on the Riviera, in Egypt,
Algiers, or at the Canaries or Madeira, have expressed
their preference for Smedley's ; and it has happened more
than once that a week or two spent here while preparing to go
south has led to the abandonment of the idea of going abroad at all.
With a bathing staff of 60 skilled attendants at call; with a
Turkish Bath of mild temperature, well adapted for the delicate,
its chambers better ventilated than ordinary rooms ; with a
Russian Bath carefully managed, and general bath rooms warm and airy,
and all these under one roof, the invalid is not only safeguarded
against mishap in the course of the winter, but, what may prove of
the first importance, is well placed for the radical treatment of
his maladies. Instead of merely holding his own through the winter,
he may find that he has got rid of his disease, and that too at
the very season when he had most reason to dread its further development.
G. C. R. HARBINSON, M.B., B.Ch., B.A.0. (R.U.I.).
R. MAcLELLAND, M.D., C.M. (Edin.), resident.
New Arrivals are seen by Dr. Harbinson between the hours of
10 a.m. and 12 noon daily and from 2 to 4 p.m. (Winter
4 to 6 p.m.) every week-day except Saturdays.
Subsequent Consultations are held with Dr. Harbinson between the
hours of 2 and 4 p.m. (Saturdays between 11 and 1 p.m. instead),
and with Dr. MacLelland between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. and 8 and 8-30 p.m.,
if necessary. Patients will find the days for consultation marked
in their bath books.
The Fee is one guinea, which covers the weekly consultations during
the course of the first four weeks of the patient's
stay in the establishment, after which a further charge of
half-a-guinea is made at the commencement of each similar period.
Additional consultations may be arranged for if desired, for which
an extra charge of half-a-gulnea each is made.
Intending patients should, on arrival, ask to see the Head Bathman
or Head Nurse, who will make the necessary arrangements for a
consultation, or apply direct to the Footman in attendance at the
In all emergencies application should be made as above, when, if
necessary, patients will be seen at once by the resident Physician.
Consultations between 11 and 12 daily-fee one guinea.
An appointment should be made if possible.
Consultation by Letter :-The fee--one guinea--should accompany each letter.
The Head Bathman and Head Nurse make all arrangements for carrying out
the prescriptions, allotting each patient to a particular bathman or
Attendance at the Bath Houses is as follows
Before Breakfast 6-30 a.m. to 8-0 a.m.
Forenoon 9-30 a.m. 12-30 p.m.
Afternoon 3-0 p.m. 5-0 p.m.
Evening .. .. .. 8-30 p.m. 9-30 p.m.
Turkish and Russian Baths
For Gentlemen 6-30 a.m. to 8-0 a.m.
10-0 a.m. 1-0 p.m.
3-0 p.m. 5-0 p.m.
For Ladies 10-0 a. m. 1-0 p.m.
3-0 p.m. 5-0 p.m.
From October to March inclusive the Baths open at 7 instead of 6.30 a.m.
On Sundays, treatment is restricted, save in special cases, to the bath
before breakfast, including, for gentlemen, the Turkish or Russian Baths.
On Saturdays, attendance at the Bath-houses ceases at mid-day.
Special Bathmen and Special Nurses are provided for such as are unable,
from any reason, to avail themselves of the Bath-houses, or who require
more attention than the Bath Attendants can afford them.
The Special Attendants are on duty from morning till night or vice versa,
and wait upon their patients in addition to administering treatment.
Terms :-For Special Nurse (Female) per week £2 12 6
For Special Bathman 3 13 6
Private Nursing away from the Establishment.
For Nurse per week £2 12 6
For Male Attendant 3 13 6
MASSAGE AND ELECTRICITY.
The Rubbers and Electricians are available by appointment, the hour
for which is arranged by the Head Bath Attendants.
Terms For Patients :-
For Masseuse or Female Rubber
per hour 3/6
per application for half-hour or less 2/
Masseur or Male Rubber
per hour 4/6
per application for half-hour or less 2/6
For Visitors residing in the Establishment who are not Patients see Page 25.
Bath Arrangements - continued
Galvanic or Faradaic per application 1/6
Both Galvanic and Faradaic 2/-
High Frequency 2/6
Ultra Violet Rays 5/-
Electric Ionization 5/-
THE HOT-AIR OR RADIANT-HEAT BATH (DOWSING'S PATENT).
An installation of these baths has been in constant use for some
years, and the results obtained have been very satisfactory. Recently
the full bath of the latest pattern has been added. The heat is produced
by Electricity, and there is consequently no vitiation of the atmosphere
by products of combustion. These baths are especially useful in cases
where the patient is enfeebled or crippled, or from any cause unfit
for the ordinary Turkish or other form of hot-air bath.
For a Single Bath 7/6
Course of Three Baths £1/1/-
Course of Six Baths £1/10/-
(If booked at one time and taken within one month.) £ s. d.
Bath only 0 4 6
Bath and Schott Exercises 0 5 6
PLOMBIERES TREATMENT, per application 0 2 6
PINE BATH 0 3 6
AIX DOUCHE 0 3 0
VICHY DOUCHE 0 3 0
Night Attendance for Invalids.-The night watchmen are qualified to
give simple treatment in case of need. If required, they will summon
BATHS TO VISITORS.
Ladies and Gentlemen desirous of taking baths on their own account,
and without consultation, are requested to apply to Head Bath Attendants.
Time and place will be arranged so as to avoid interference with Patients
going by prescription. Baths in the bedroom, and private baths, are
subject to a small special charge in the case of visitors.
For Massage and such other of the foregoing treatments as may be taken
by non-patients, the charges are 50 % higher.
Baths to persons not staying in the Establishment., £ s. d.
Turkish or Russian Bath per single bath 0 3 6
per series of six 0 18 0
N0 description can do justice to Smedley's unrivalled suite of baths,
renowned all over the world for completeness of equipment and efficiency.
Nothing but a tour of inspection, or, better still, actual experience
of the incomparable treatment, can convey any adequate conception of
the astonishing scope of the health-restoration and health-maintenance
facilities, aggregated during many years, and vigilantly modernised to
the moment. . . . THE BATHS ARE UNDER THE SAME ROOF AS THE ESTABLISHMENT,
THUS DISPOSING OF ANY NECESSITY TO GO OUT OF DOORS, WITH CONSEQUENT RISK
THE TURKISH BATHS.-Each bath (there are two -one for ladies and one
for gentlemen) consists of three heated chambers, the first of which
is kept at a temperature of 120° only, as being quite sufficient
for realising the full effect of the bath for the more feeble and
sensitive, while practically free from risk of mishap. The second chamber
is kept at 135° as quite adequate to the requirements of the
average patient. The more extreme effects of the bath are obtainable
in the third chamber, maintained at 170° and frequented mainly
by visitors taking the bath on their own account. The ventilation of
the heated chambers is a special feature of this bath, and chief cause
of that immunity from bad effects it affords. A constant circulation of
air is carried on through the forced indraught of an air chamber over
the furnace, and an outdraught through a flue passing from the
floor-level into the great chimney. Another great advantage is the
exemption from fatigue enjoyed by the patient quartered under the same
roof with the bath. There is provision for the careful handling of
those who are much crippled by gout and rheumatism, the passage to and
fro from every floor being made without difficulty in wheel-chairs
by means of the passenger lift.
A PLUNGE BATH, 35-ft. by 6-ft., is attached to the Turkish Baths.
The RUSSIAN BATHS are under the same roof with the Turkish, and are
not less carefully administered. They are kept at a temperature of
110°, with more or less of free vapour in the atmosphere, according
to the case.
The HYDROPATHIC BATHS, erected at a cost of upwards of £20,000, include
suites of Electric Baths.
They comprise :-
Rain or Needle Baths.
Spray Baths,. general and local.
Sponge or Hip Baths.
Shallow or Long Baths.
Sitz Baths, hot, cold, and flowing, etc.
Foot Baths, the same.
Head, Eye, Ear, and Nose Baths.
A scending Douches and Sprays.
Rectal and Vaginal Douches.
Douches, Vertical and Horizontal, hot and cold.
Douches, Local and Spinal, hot and cold,
successive and alternate.
The Aix Douche and Vichy Douche.
Steam Box or Vapour Baths, both for
general and local purposes.
Domestic Plunge Baths in private suites.
There are 16 separate installations or sets of baths, constituting
that number of bath-rooms, with four packing or dressing rooms attached
to each ; and each suite thus constituted is under the charge of one
bath attendant. This arrangement affords perfect privacy to each patient,
and freedom from exposure to chill while passing through the various
processes. In these packing rooms are administered the various kinds of
packs, general and local, to be followed or not, as the case may be, by
a full bath in the bathroom adjoining. The bathrooms are tiled from
floor to ceiling, and all the floor space is laid in mosaic, and furnished
with mats for the feet. A couple of suites have been provided for those
visitors who may prefer the ordinary or domestic plunge bath.
A new department is devoted entirely to PLOMBIERES TREATMENT.
The ELECTRIC BATHS are fitted up in similar fashion to the rest, and are
provided with full installations for both the constant and induced
varieties of bath, with the apparatus required for local electricity
in the dry form. Rooms have recently been added for High Frequency
Electricity, Diathermy, and Ultra Violet Ray Treatment, Artificial
Dowsing RADIANT HEAT BATH.
MEDICATED BATHS of any kind can be given.
The NAUHEIM TREATMENT of heart disease is carried on under medical
supervision, and includes the Nascent Carbonic Acid Baths and Schott
MEDICAL RUBBING or MASSAGE and SWEDISH MOVEMENTS are amply provided
for, a staff of twelve trained rubbers of both sexes being engaged
in the various forms of medical rubbing, local and general. The
Weir-Mitchell Treatment is practised in its fullest development, or
modified according to the requirements of the individual case, some
patients doing better on half a course than on the full. Where complete
isolation and absolute rest in conjunction with high feeding are
necessary, the same can be carried out, and all under close medical
supervision. A portion of the upper balcony is reserved for
Weir-Mitchell patients, so that this form of treatment can be carried
out to the fullest extent without the patient being confined indoors
as is usually the case. This robs the treatment of the monotony which
makes it so trying when carried on indoors.
The BATHING STAFF numbers over 60 men and women, comprising bath
attendants, special nurses, rubbers, electricians, etc., with a head
bathman and head nurse to supervise every detail of the medical treatment.
NIGHT WATCHMEN are at call in case of need, furnishing food if required
at any hour of the night, and calling up further assistance if necessary.
Care is taken to preserve quiet in the corridors after hours, and to keep
disturbing influences at a distance at all times, the interests of the
patients being the ruling consideration in all the arrangements of the
establishment. As one-half at least of those residing in the place are
other than invalids, the social atmosphere is not by any means depressing.
Patients may be sent as visitors simply, or they may be placed under
medical supervision merely, no active measure being necessary ; and where
hydro-therapeutic treatment is deemed desirable, the practitioner may
count on full weight being accorded such suggestions as he may see
fit to send with his patient.
The VERANDAHS and BALCONIES, in which the place abounds, enable patients
to spend the entire day out of doors, weather permitting, without fatigue.
From 40 to 50 spinal couches are in constant use. Complete rest in the
recumbent posture, the day passed in full view of a wide extent of
beautiful scenery, has sometimes an excellent effect in extreme debility
and anaemia, and in promoting convalescence from acute disease.
As a RESIDENCE for INVALIDS the great size of the building - able
to accommodate from 300 to 400 visitors - the ample cubic capacity of
the public rooms and the multiplicity of semi-private apartments, such
as the ladies' private Drawing Room, the private Dining Room, Reception,
Reading, Billiard, Smoking, and Music Rooms, the various Halls,
Ante-rooms, and Corridors, together with the spacious Recreation Rooms,
all combine to minimise the drawbacks to body and mind attendant more or
less on occasional deprivations, through bad weather, of outdoor
exercise. The sense of monotony can never be very great in a house
the number of residents in which rarely falls below 250, while the
advantage is incontestable in respect of better assured sanitary
conditions, a table more conformable to the requirements of the
invalid, closer medical attendance, and an efficient nursing staff.
Sale ROOM (adjacent to the Main Entrance).
Open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. ; Saturdays to 1 p.m.
Bath Bandages and Apparatus of all kinds employed in the treatment
at the establishment, with other necessaries, also a choice selection
of Knitted Sports Wear, Dressing Gowns, Jaeger Goods, Silk Hose, etc.
Wheel Chairs for use of Invalids may be hired.
Within walking and driving distance of the Establishment are, amongst
others, the following places and objects of interest
Matlock Moor, where the Golf Course is situate, a favourite bracing walk
unfolding extensive panoramas.
Matlock Dale, Matlock Bath, and Cromford, giving, in a walk or drive of
three miles, beautiful river, rock, and wood scenery.
Bonsall (a mile further), a quaint old village with market cross in
The Black Rocks and the Via Gellia (5 miles), affording beautiful views;
a little further, Grange Mill, of geological interest.
Lea Hurst (5 miles), the charming and venerable home of the late
Miss Florence Nightingale, approached by a lovely drive along the banks
of the river Derwent.
Crich Stand (6 miles), rebuilt since the Great War as a Memorial
to the Sherwood Foresters, giving, from an elevation of 955-ft.
a view embracing six counties. The road leading to it passes Lea Hurst.
Wingfield Manor (7 miles), a ruin of great beauty, long the prison
of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Haddon Hall (6 miles), one of the most perfect specimens of baronial
architecture now left the property of the Duke of Rutland.
Chatsworth and Chatsworth Park (9 miles), the seat of the Duke of
Devonshire, celebrated for its size, beauty, and collection of articles
Birchover (7 miles), with its Druidical remains and rocking stones
Ashbourne (14 miles), an interesting old town, with fine parish church.
Bakewell (9 miles), and Wirksworth (5 miles), have the same claims to notice.
Hardwick Hall (16 miles), an ancient house of great beauty.
Dove Dale (17 miles), celebrated for its river scenery and associations
with Izaak Walton. There, too, is Ilam Hall, in a situation of singular
The Dukeries. A motor tour of 96 miles, including Mansfield, Welbeck
Abbey, Sherwood Forest, Clumber, Thorsby, Rufford Abbey, Ollerton and
Castleton (19 miles), with Peveril Castle, Peak Cavern, etc.
Riber Castle (2 miles), the residence of the late Mr.Smedley.
A wide view is to be had from the hill on which it stands.
Motor Char-a-banc Tours arranged daily in summer.