Updated 16 May 2014

WIRKSWORTH Parish Records 1600-1900

Return to Front Page



Photo 655


Joseph Raynes letter 1838

Cincinnati to Bonsall

Joseph Raynes lived in Bonsall with 6 brothers and sisters until 1831, when he emigrated to Baltimore in Maryland, USA. He later moved to Cincinnati, Ohio because of riots in Baltimore. He wrote regular letters home to his family in Bonsall, describing life in America. Ten of these letters are held by University of Maryland. Another dated 1838 (not held by the University) is held by the webmaster and is described on this webpage. Joseph Raynes died in 1849, and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati.

INDEX | History | Correspondence | Letters | Obituary | Cholera | Tree | Census | Accident | Remarriage | Scan | Grave | Oddments | Transcription | emails |



Scans and Transcriptions of all 4 pages of this 1838 letter are Provided on a separate webpage.


From Cincinnati Daily Gazette May 10 1849
Joseph RAYNES died of cholera in 1849 at his home in Cincinnati.



Grave of Joseph RAYNES in Spring 
Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati.
Although heavily weathered, some 
words can just be read from an 
enlarged photo.

 Bonsall Derbyshire Eng.
Born? 1804 Died May 8 1849
    Died June 8 1868
      Aged 74 years


See Cincinnatians and Cholera: Attitudes toward the epidemics of 1832 and 1849

"From Mid-April to Mid-October 4,700 of Cincinnati's 116,000 inhabitants succombed [to cholera]"

This register, kept by the staff of the Sandusky City Hospital during the 1849 cholera epidemic, records patients discharged and deceased. The register is twelve pages long and lists eighty-three names. It measures 4.6" x 7" (11.68 cm x 17.78 cm). Cholera was a major threat in the 19th century. Due to poor sanitation and ignorance of the causes of disease, Sandusky suffered several cholera outbreaks in the 1840s and 1850s. The most devastating outbreak occurred in the summer of 1849, when 400 people died and many more fled the city in fear. The city's population before the outbreak was about 5,000; it is estimated that fewer than 1,000 remained in the city during the cholera. The 1882 History of Sandusky County reported that "medical men [were] taxed to their utmost to stem the tide of disease and death." The devastation caused by cholera and other epidemics helped to inspire improvements in medical care, research, and sanitation practices such as water treatment.




Members of the Raynes (also spelled "Rains") family lived in Bonsall, in Derbyshire, England, in the nineteenth century. Francis Raynes (b. ca. 1768) and his wife Susan Bunting had at least five children who lived to adulthood: Joseph, Benjamin (d. 1833), Jacob (d. 1833), Ann (1795-1865), and Harriett (1813-1890).

Most of what is known about Joseph Raynes comes from his letters home. In May 1831, Raynes left Bonsall for Liverpool, where he reserved a space on the brig The Russian. He arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, on June 26. Raynes found employment almost immediately with a saddler and soon after went into business on his own.

Raynes moved his saddling business to Lexington Market in 1832, where it prospered. Sometime in 1833, his father became ill, most likely of typhus, although the exact nature of the illness is unknown. Of more pressing concern were the deaths in October, 1833 of his brothers, Jacob and Benjamin, in a rail accident. The brothers were returning from Manchester and Liverpool, where they had traveled on behalf of their tortoiseshell comb business, when the railway coach in which they were riding derailed. Benjamin died almost instantly; Jacob was horribly injured and died the next day. Benjamin left three children, at least two of them sons. Raynes promised to send for either Jacob (b. 1830) or Isaac (b. 1831) as soon as they were old enough. It does not appear that either of the brothers ever made the journey; Isaac died in Bonsall in 1877 and Jacob married and lived in Bonsall through at least 1861.

By 1836, Raynes had married. The poor economic situation in Baltimore, as well as riots related to the Bank of Maryland scandal of 1834, provided impetus for a move to St. Louis, Missouri. By 1840, Raynes and his wife had settled in Cincinnati, Ohio, and had adopted a six-year-old orphan girl.

Raynes is believed to have died sometime in 1849.

Joseph RAYNES papers
University of Maryland Archives


Series 1: Correspondence, 1831-1849 (10 items)
Series I consists of nine letters he wrote between May 1831 and July 1843 to his family in Bonsall, in Derbyshire, England, and one letter written by his cousin, Jane Cliff, to his sister, Harriett Raynes. Raynes wrote to his family in great detail about his journey to America and his subsequent struggles as an immigrant, beginning with his departure from Liverpool in 1831. Of particular interest is his letter dated July 16, 1831, in which he describes his first glimpse of the Chesapeake Bay. Raynes accompanied the captain of the ship and some other passengers on an excursion to the shore before landing in Baltimore, and he mentioned seeing "beautiful horses," "negroes" loading tobacco, and a planter's house.

Raynes was impressed with Baltimore, and in the same July 6th letter, states that there "are a many elligent [sic] buildings in Baltimore, two very handsom [sic] monuments are erected, one to the memory of Washington." He also compared the relative prices of clothing, tortoiseshell, rent, soap, and groceries with those in England. Raynes was impressed with the work ethic in America. In February 1832, he wrote, "it is too often the case when people come to this country they expect great things without putting their shoulder to the weel [sic]. That is a mistake with such people. I will assure you people must work _hard_ who come to America to get a livelihood."

Following the deaths of his brothers Benjamin and Jacob in October 1833, Raynes became very concerned with the well-being of his sisters, his aging parents, and his nephews. He wrote that he intended to send for one of his brother Benjamin's sons as soon as he was able. Raynes gave advice to his sisters regarding the settlement of his brothers' affairs and offered to give a portion of his inheritance to his sisters so that they would be financially secure.

Raynes's business may have prospered, but the overall economic situation in the United States was in decline. In a letter dated September 1, 1834, Raynes referred to the closing of the Bank of Maryland in March 1834, and commented that he managed to move his account to another institution on the advice of a "particular friend." He was able to further enlarge his business in March 1835. He took up residence behind his shop, which he considered "much safer as there is a set of evil disposed men going about burning people's property."

Two of the letters were written by Raynes from Cincinnati, where he had set up a saddler business. He was very impressed with the Methodist church he attended in Cincinnati, especially the annual camp meeting outside of the city. In 1840, he told his sisters, "...you may think it was a very disorderly place, but there was as much order kept as if it was a place of worship in the city."

Included in the collection is one letter written by Jane Cliff, Raynes's cousin, to his sister, Harriett Raynes, in 1849. In the letter, Cliff wrote, "We were extremely sorry to hear of the death of your dear brother. . ." Although she did not mention him by name, Cliff is probably referring to Joseph Raynes, since all other known brothers were deceased by this time.

Joseph RAYNES papers
University of Maryland Archives


01   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Liverpool, to his family, May 10, 1831
       addressed to Mr F. Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire
02   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, Jul 06, 1831
       addressed to Mr Francis Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire | Old England
03   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, Feb 04, 1832
       addressed to Mr Jacob Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire | Old England
04   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, Sep 01, 1834
       addressed to Miss Ann Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire |Great Britain
05   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, Mar 04, 1835
       addressed to Miss Ann Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire
06   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, Apr 13, 1835
       addressed to
07   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, May 14, 1835
       addressed to Miss Ann Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire
08   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Baltimore, to his family, Mar 24, 1836
       addressed to Miss Ann Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire | Great Britain
09   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Cinncinati, to his family, Jun 01, 1838
       addressed to Miss Ann Raynes | Bonsall | Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire | Old England
10   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Cinncinati, to his family, Sep 14, 1840
       addressed to Miss Ann Raynes | Bonsall Nr Wirksworth | Derbyshire | Great Britain
11   Letter written by Joseph Raynes, in Cinncinati, to his family, Jul 24, 1843
       addressed to Mr George S Ward | at Mr Pidcocks | Olive Township | Morgan County | Ohio
12   Letter from Jayne Cliff to Harriet Raynes on the death of Joseph Raynes, July 14, 1849
       addressed to Miss Harriett Raynes | Bonsall nr Matlock Bath | Derbyshire

Joseph RAYNES papers
University of Maryland Archives


Derby Mercury Wednesday 09 October 1833


"The following dreadful accident attended with loss of life, occurred on Saturday evening the 5th instant, on the Cromford and High Peak Railway: - A train of six waggons arrived at the engine-house of the Middleton inclined plane, about a quarter past six o’clock on Saturday evening; the first was loaded to the weight of two tons 6 cwt.; the second contained six passengers; the last four were empty. The engineer (according to the positive instructions of the committee) ordered the passengers to dismount and walk down the plane; they did dismount, but when the engineer went down to set the chain in motion, the passengers got into the waggon again. The train had not advanced far when a link of the chain broke; the preventer of the leading waggon, instead of taking the ground in the usual way, and stopping the train, tripped for several yards, and checked the velocity which the breaking of the link threatened. This gave time for the passengers to jump out, on the attendants calling to them that the chain was broken. Four of them obeyed the warning, the others (two brothers) kept their seats as if insensible of their imminent danger. At this moment the preventer lost its groundings, and doubled under the waggon. The velocity became frightful for fifty or sixty yards, when the leading waggon was thrown off the rails and upset. The second, contained the two infatuated brothers, rushed on to the top of the loading of the first; this threw the unfortunate men from their seats against the third waggon, which was pitched with dreadful force upon the other two. By this concussion the two brothers (Benjamin and Jacob Rains) were so injured as to occasion the death of the elder (Benjamin) in about fifteen minutes. The younger (Jacob) whose head and face was most shockingly lacerated, expired about half-past five o’clock on Sunday evening, having survived his dreadful injuries about twenty-three hours. The deceased were by trade, tortoiseshell comb makers, residing at Bonsall, in this county. They had been to Manchester and Liverpool, collecting orders and purchasing materials, and were returning home by the rail-road. At the bottom of the Hopton Moor plane, the conductor of the train pointed out to the deceased the nearest way to their home; but they persisted in their intention of proceeding to Middleton, and thus became the victims of their own indiscretion. The elder brother has left a wife and three children to lament his untimely end; the younger was unmarried. They both bore excellent characters for industry and sobriety."

Tree for RAYNES and CLIFF

Taken from Dawn Scottings Ancestry tree for Joseph Raynes

1713            1725
Joseph          Eleanor
RAINS=====v=====PRIME                                                 unknown
1794      |     1798                                                     |
          |                                                              |
          |                                                              |
 |--------|------|------|--------|--------|------|-------|-------|       |
 |               |      |        |        |      |       |       |       |
1758            1758   1761     1763     1764   1767    1770    1772     |
Abraham         Isaac  Francis  William  Jacob  George  Joseph  Ann      |
1759            1840   1838     1763            1768            1772     |
                 |      |                                                |
                 |      |               |--------------------------------|------|
                 |      |               |                                       |
1764            1758   1761            1774                1767                1765
Elizh           Isaac  Francis 1794    Elizabeth           Elizabeth           Thomas
FLINT=====v=====RAINS  RAINS=====v=====CLIFF               STEVENSON=====v=====CLIFF
1848            1840   1838      |     1841                1852          |     1844
                                 |                                       |
                                 |                                       |
 |----|----|-----|-----|---------|------|---------|-------|------|       |
 |    |    |     |     |         |      |         |       |      |       |
1795 1797 1798  1798  1801      1804   1808      1808    1808   1812     |
Ann  John Isaac Jacob Benjamin  Joseph Elizabeth Francis Thomas Harriet  |
1865 1797 1800  1833  1833      1849   1808      1808    1808   1890     |
                       |         |                                       |
                       |         |                                       |
                       |         |                                       |
     1802             1801      1804             1794                    |
     Grace    1829    Benjamin  Joseph   1831?   Maria    1852    Francis|
     LOXLEY=====v=====RAINS     RAYNES=====v=====MILLER=====v=====MILLER |
                |     1833      1849       |     1868                    |
                |                          |                             |
  |------|------|                          X                             |
  |      |      |                                                        |
 1829   1831   1833                                                      |
 Jacob  Isaac  Joseph                                                    |
 1904   1877   1834                                                      |
            |    |    |       |       |    |      |      |         |     |
           1788 1789 1791    1793    1796 1798   1800   1805      1808  1810
           John Ann  Frances William Mary Thomas Robert Elizabeth Sarah Jane
                1855         Webb                                       CLIFF

RAINS/RAYNES: Bonsall, Derbyshire
CLIFF: Weston upon Trent, Staffordshire
Jane CLIFF: Wednesbury, Staffordshire.



1841 Census-----------------------
---Yeoman Street---[Bonsall]----------
Bn018a  Ann       RAYNES  43  f  Y  Ind
Bn018b  Harriott  RAYNES  29  f  Y  Ind
1851 Census----------------------
#024---Yeoman Street---[Bonsall]---
(p6, Brassington district, Enumeration district 11b, HO 107/2146)
Bn099a  Ann       RAYNES  Head   U  52  F  Proprietor of House Bonsall  And Land
Bn099b  Harriott  RAYNES  Sister U  37  F  Proprietor of House Bonsall  And Land
1851 Census----------------------
#099---Scarthin Nick---[Matlock]---
Mk099a   William  STONE   Head  M  37  M  Carpenter,joiner  Matlock  Empl 4 men
Mk099b   Anthony  STONE   Son      7   M  Scholar           Matlock
Mk099c   John     STONE   Son      6   M  Scholar           Matlock
Mk099d   Isaac    RAYNES  Appr  U  20  M  Carpenters appr   Bonsall
1851 Census----------------------
#037---Coldwell St---[Wirksworth]---
W037a     Samuel      ROWLAND    Head     M  48  M   Inn Keeper          Bredsall
W037b     Elizabeth   ROWLAND    Wife     M  46  F                       Exminster DEV
W037c     Martha Ann  ROWLAND    Dau         6   F   Scholar             Wirksworth
W037d     Elizabeth   ROWLAND    Dau         4   F   Scholar             Wirksworth
W037e     Emma        TOMLINSON  Servant  U  26  F   Waiter at Red Lion  Netherseal LEI
W037f     Ann         CLOUGH     Servant  U  15  F   General servant     Wirksworth
W037g     Mary        RAYNES     Servant  U  17  F   General servant     Grange Mill
W037h     Arthur      WALKER     Servant  U  21  M   General servant     Middleton
W037i     William     HILTON     Lodger   M  51  M   Comm.trav.hatter    Manchester LAN
1861 Census---------------------
#25---Yeoman Street 18---[Bonsall]---
Bn025a  Ann       RAYNES  Head    U 65  F  Landed proprietor  Bonsall
Bn025b  Harriett  RAYNES  Sister  U 48  F  Landed proprietor  Bonsall
1861 Census---------------------
#26---Yeoman Street---[Bonsall]---
Bn026a  Isaac  RAYNES  Lodger  U 30  M  House carpenter  Bonsall
1861 Census--------------------
#41---Yeoman Street 33---[Bonsall]---
Bn041a  Isaac   RAYNES  Head  M 47  M  Farmer 20 acres land  Ivon Brook Grange
Bn041b  Hannah  RAYNES  Wife  M 44  F  Farmers wife          Bonsall
Bn041c  Emma    RAYNES  Dau   U 12  F  Scholar               Ible
Bn041d  John    RAYNES  Son     10  M  Scholar               Bonsall
Bn041e  Mary    RAYNES  Dau     8   F  Scholar               Bonsall
Bn041f  Ann     RAYNES  Dau     6   F  Scholar               Bonsall
Bn041g  Jane    RAYNES  Dau     4   F  Scholar               Bonsall
Bn041h  Lucy    RAYNES  Dau     1   F  Scholar               Bonsall
1861 Census-------------------
#93---Bright Gate 2---[Bonsall]---
Bn228a  Jacob    RAYNES  Head  M 31  M  Joiner   Bonsall
Bn228b  Mary     RAYNES  Wife  M 37  F           Bonsall
Bn228c  Harriet  RAYNES  Dau     8   F  Scholar  Stockport LAN
1871 Census----------------------
Bn042a  Harriet  RAYNES  Head  U 58  F           Bonsall
1881 Census---------------------
#44---Yeoman St---[Bonsall]---(RG11-3426-3-p9)
Bn041a  Harriet  RAYNES  Head  U 68  F  Income from land  Bonsall



-----------------Page 1-------------------------------
direct as before
Mr Joseph Raynes
eighth Street between Elm
& Plum Streets
North America

             Cincinnati June 2 1838
My Dear Father & Mother Sisters
     Uncle & Aunt

I hope you will excuse me not answering
your letter sooner I have been waiting expecting a
Gentleman going to England as he would favour
me by taking those books safe but it is now uncertain
if he goes to England for some time My Dear Sister
I wil send you the books the first opportunity my
sisters Ann & Harriet I am often thinking of you and
offer my Prayers to Almighty God to defend & protect
you through all your difficulties I am very sorry your
money was not deposited in safer hands get all you
can & don't let it trouble you you will get through
the world without it if I had been in England
Mr Chapman would not have trifled with you in
the trifling manner in which he did Every one
of the Raynes family depended on Mr Chapman
acting the Part of Justice if I had been in
England at the time Mr Chapman was acting the
Rascal with you you should have sued Mr
Topham & have made him Paid the money or
given security, I am very much obliged to Mr Mills
for the favour & kindness he has favoured
you with I hope you have let the other Part
of the mill by this time you did not send me
word if you disposed of my late brothers machinery
& working tools am very glad you
manage very well with your farming
Business I often think of my aged Parents
& Uncle & Aunt I am very sorry Uncle has had
so severe attack of the Influenza I hope you
all are now enjoying the best of health at
this time I thank God Mrs Raynes and myself
is enjoying the Best of Health I think you
never see me look better I am doing very
------------Page 2----------------------
very well in Business at Cincinnati considering
the dullness of the times, I yet confine myself
to a small business I am now employing two
journeymen I have one apprentice I shall take
another as soon as as times gets better I work very
hard myself as I always did the Banks are not
paying Specie for their own notes yet & its
uncertain when they will do perhaps not until next
Spring which causes great derangement in the
Currency, I had the great pleasure of having a
Verbal Intercourse with Mr John Burton & Miss
Jane Burton they stayed but a few hours at
Cincinnati Miss Jane Burton took breakfast with
me & Mrs Raynes, she told me I had a nice Lady for
my wife I took Miss Burton to see St Pauls Church
& other fine buildings she thought Cincinnati a
very fine city she observed of the streets being
wide & regukar & of the shops being very handsome
& as fine & fashionable as in any town in
England she told me she would like to live
at Cincinnati, where Mr John Burton & Mr Robert
Burton is living is fifteen hundred miles from
Cincinnati a Gent told me Mr Robert Burton was
worth twenty thousand pounds if not more they have
a steam boat running from Cincinnati to
Galleaner Captain Robert Burton told me the
boat cost them building about five thousand pounds
the steam boats are constructed so as they carry
a great deal of freight and many passengers Its
Mr Robert Burton son Robert which is Captain of
the boat he was married to a Lady at Cincinnati
a few months  ago If I had one of my late brothers
boys I would raise him to my business its no more
for one of them to leave their Mother than for me to leave
mine My dear sisters The Revd Mr John our worthy
minister lent me one of his books to read the title of it was
---------------Page 3--------------------------------
The Rise & Progress of Religion in the Soul by
Philip Doddridge DD since I commenced writing
this letter I have seen Captain Robert Burton
he told me that his Aunt Jane was married on
the beginning of last month to a gentleman of the
name of Bonsall he is a native of Yorkshire he
has been in America about four years he is in the
smelting business at Galena I told her when I
saw her at Cincinnati that she would soon get
married in America, Mr & Mrs Bonsall is going to
reside about tenty miles from Mr John Burton
Mr John & Thomas Burton is engaged in the smelting
business at Dubuque that is about twenty miles
from Galena Captain Robert Burton told me
to send his love to his Grandmother & to all in Bonsall
Friends one of the Mr Morliges call to see me last
week they have a nice farm about seven miles
from Cincinnati Old Mr Morligues is still living
Mr & Mrs Orange & me & Mrs Raynes has an invitation
to go out & spend the day at Mr Morliges we all
intend driving out in a carriage together
in a few weeks the youngest of the Miss Morliges
died about a year ago, Mr Orange that is Mrs
Berresford daughter Elizabeth was confined of a fine
boy about two months ago Mr Orange is a good
customer of mine he bought about twenty pounds
worth of saddlery of me week before last Mr samuel
Berresford is a very good customer since I have been
at Cincinnati I have sold more than Fifty pounds worth
of sadlery to people from Baltimore that was customers
to me at that city Mrs Beresford is seventy four years of age
she was at my house last week she says she thinks so much
of me because I came from Paewich we had a Grand
Consert of Sacred Musick at St Pauls Church last week
to assist in defraying the expense of the organ Mrs Raynes
& me was there I paid nine shillings of English money for
two tickets I wished you had been with me you would
----------------Page 4-------------------------------
have been quite delighted I have now some good news
to send you I see in the Paper today the Banks are now in
in a prosperous way for paying specie now we shall soon have
good times in America I see in the Papers the young Queen
will be crowned this month, give my kind respect to Mrs Flint
& to Mrs Batement & Mr Frost & family Give my respects to Mrs Burton
& tell her I beleive Jane has got a very good husband My respects to
Mrs Marsh & family & to my Bonsall friends I hope you will write
as soon as you can as I am anxious to know how you all are
I suppose the boys are grown fine boys by this time if I had them
here I could do better for them than Grace can do for them at Bonsall
Give my Respects to Grace I must now conclude

Friday evening June 8 Past nine tomorrow is the day the Bonsall
Club People march my dear sisters you must keep up your
spirits & you must write to me as soon as you can can make
it convenient I will Pomise you I will not delay writing so
long the next time Mrs Raynes joins me in love to you
all I remain my dear sisters & parents your affectionate
                                   Joseph Raynes
                                              Paid 25

             Miss Ann Raynes
              Nr Wirksworth
               Old England

By first packet ship
From NY to Liverpool




----Anyone with more details for publication on this webpage, please email ----
From Dawn Scotting on 16may2014

The first person to be baptised in Bonsall with the surname of REINS was in 1658.

After that it was spelt variously REINES, REYNS, REYNES, RAYNS, RAYNES, RANES, RAINS, RAINES
and even sometimes without the S.

Joseph & his siblings all had the spelling of RAYNES at their baptisms in Bonsall.

Sent by Sherri (NJ, USA) on 13may2014

In regards to Joseph RAYNES, found this on Google Books:
Journal of the Senate of the ... General Assembly of the State of Ohio...,
Volume 39, Page 236:
Joseph RAYNES owned a harness shop in Cincinnati in 1840. He testified regarding an employee being involved in voter fraud in the 1840 presidential election.
From Dawn Scotting on 12may2014

For those with ancestry access I have Joseph Rains/Raynes in my Winster Family Tree on there:-


I've had a copy of his letter for years and it's posted in my tree on ancestry, I've also included a transcription of it (as written).
Joseph Raynes
son of Francis RAINS & Elizabeth CLIFF
born 22 May 1804 at Bonsall
baptised 21 Oct 1804 in St James Church
emigrated from Liverpool to Baltimore on the 11 May 1831 on board the brig 'Russian' (not sure if that is the departed or arrival date) is living in Cincinnati Ohio in the 1840 census - in the house are 2 males aged between 15-20 & 30-40 and two females aged between 5-10 & 20-30. he died in Cincinnati in 1849
he mentions a wife but doesn't include her name
he had nine siblings all born in Bonsall
I hadn't caught up with the Derbyshire list mail today so didn't see this until I was alerted to it by Winston. I didn't know of Joseph's headstone so going to check that out now.

Cheers....Dawn ©¿©¬
Sent by Winston Cochrane on 12may2014

Since I live in the Cincinnati area, you got my interest. RAYNES is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, a very beautiful and historic cemetery. I plan to be buried there - date yet to be determined!

Here is a link to his memorial in Find A Grave:
www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=raynes&GSbyrel=all&GSd yrel=all&GSst=37&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=79020060&df=all&

A Maria Miller is also listed on the headstone. Looks like she died in 1868 at age 74. His wife perhaps?

Spring Grove doesn't list interments on their website. I will contact them to see if I can get any further information, such as relatives, etc. I will also contact some other local resources with the objective of trying to find any local descendants that would be interested. This may take a few days, but I will get back to you.


Winston Cochrane
Maineville, OH

Compiled, formatted, hyperlinked, encoded, and copyright © 2014, . All Rights Reserved.